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Showing posts from June, 2017

### How to Calculate GSM of a Terry Towel?

Here GSM stands for weight in Grams per Square Meter. This means the weight of one square meter of the towel is expressed as towel GSM.

Like other textile fabrics, GSM of the terry towel is calculated using the following method.

First method:

Cut a test specimen from the towel. Normally, no towel comes 1 meter in width. So, cut a smaller size specimen in a square shape. Let's cut 20 cm X 20 cm from the towel. Weight this specimen.

Let's us assume the weight is 20 grams for 0.04 square meter towel specimen.
Now convert the weight for a towel dimension of 1 square meter.

GSM would be (20/0.04) =500 grams per square meter

Second method:

Let's assume that you have a towel sized 50 cm X 80 cm and it weighs 240 grams. What would be GSM of this towel?

Measure the towel weight per square meter (GSM) by using the following formula.

Calculation
Sample GSM
= (240 * 10000)/(50 * 80) grams/square meter = (240 /4) = 600 grams/m2

### How To Come Up With An Authentic Name For Your Clothing Brand

Ask any marketer about naming brands and more likely than not they will tell you that it is easier said than done.

The name of a brand should not be taken lightly, it is, after all, the first impression of your product. It should not only sound good but be easy to adapt to different media, have positive connotations and be attentive to cultural sensitivities of the market where it will be released.

Not an easy task, if you ask me! But worry not, this infographic will teach you simple techniques that will help you find the best possible name for your brand. Enjoy!

This infographic was brought to you by Printsome, an online T-shirt printing agency that provides personalised merchandise and awesome service to brands and companies all over the UK.

### GARTEX 2017 - Garment Manufacturing Solutions Show

GARTEX will be held at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, India starting on 29th July 2017. This Garment and Textile machinery trade show is a 3-day event and will end on 31st July 2017.

GARTEX is a Complete Garment Manufacturing Solutions Show.

Gartex is a comprehensive tradeshow on garment textile machinery. The show is targeted to address the interests of those who wish to reach out to the textile and garment machinery & accessories market in India. Acting as the definitive gateway to provide excellent quality and one-stop selling and sourcing platform, the event will showcase products, services, nd technologies related to the complete production chain.

Gartex 2017 is designed to be the trendsetter for the industry player to showcase new technology, state-of-the-art equipment, materials and services. The Show hopes to accelerate technological advances in the Indian textile & garments industry through the showcase of high-quality, high-speed and competitively…

### Quality Parameters of Towels

A towel is a basic commodity product which we use day to day basis. Still, it is not possible for all of us to have the full knowledge about the towel. However, if we will have some basic knowledge of the product we will be able to buy a good towel from the market as an end consumer.

Like every product, there are some quality parameters for the towel that must be looked upon while sourcing towel as a buyer. In this post, I will share few basic quality parameters of the towel.

Basic quality parameters of towels
Despite having various quality parameters and quality checkpoints, as the end consumer, we can look at the following 3 parameters which are very important that should be checked for selecting a good towel.

Absorbency:  Absorbency is one of the basic characteristics that a towel should have. We use the towel to absorb water from our body, face, and hands. Therefore a towel should be good absorbent.

Shrinking property: Like other clothes, towel shrinks a bit after washing. When us…

### Difference between a Stitching Operator and a Tailor

In the garment industry, these two terms operator and tailor are used interchangeably. But an operator and a tailor have different kind of skill levels and different job responsibilities. A stitching operator basically involved in running one stitching machine and doing one job only where the tailor is involved in doing all kind jobs to make a garment from fabric to finished garment
In the age of industrialization, garments are produced in large volume in the factories that is equipped with a large number of sewing machines. In mass production, garments are made in the assembly lines. In the assembly line workers perform only one specific operation throughout the day. Even throughout the season and year. These stitching workers are called as an operator. They operate only one kind of machine. An operator can run and might have a skill of running more than one machine types. But in most cases in the assembly line, they are allocated to a single operation.

Operators are given trainin…

### How to Secure Quality of Imported Apparels

The world has come closer and is shrinking by the day, thanks to the internet. With the shrinking world, the political borders are also diminishing in context to business and trade. Although trade and business have crossed boundaries since times immemorial yet with time and the advent of technology things have become easier. A South American in Brazil actually selling in Asia or probably outsourcing from Europe and selling to a buyer in Asia. It could be anything.

Although the boundaries have diminished the physical distances remain the same, and these physical distances bring in ‘time’. Covering a physical distance is time-consuming and a cost is attached to it and what if the shipment doesn’t arrive or probably doesn’t hold the committed quality standards? The loss cannot be mitigated and a question arises how secure and quality are these shipments of imported international apparels?

Well a few steps can actually save such a loss:

1. Choosing the vendor:  The very first step is to …

### Stretchable Fabrics, Different Types of Stretch Fabrics, Quality Parameters of the Stretchable Fabrics

Stretchable fabric A fabric that stretches lengthwise or widthwise or in all directions with the body movement is called as stretchable fabric. In the fitted clothing, sports clothing, ladies jeans and ladies tops stretchable fabrics are used to give comfort with the better fit that moves with the body movement. The stretchable fabric, whether woven or knitted, gain stretch property when a spandex filament (like Lycra) is inserted into the fabric while the fabric is manufactured.
The knits fabrics (Jersey and ribs) have inherent stretch properties but to add an extra stretch the elastane filament is used. The elastane filament is a synthetic fiber.

Different types of stretchable fabrics
Stretch fabrics are categorized as warp stretch and weft stretch. The weft stretch fabrics are majorly found as it is easier to insert spandex yarn in the fabrics at the time of weaving with the weft insertion. Different terms are used by fabric traders for the stretch fabrics such as 2-way stretch, 4…

### The Correct Way to Implement Lean [Part-3] - Change Management

In the Part 1and Part 2 of the correct way to lean implementation, I had covered why the pursuit of excellence through lean is difficult and corporate culture. In the 3rd part, I will discuss change management in the organization level.

I will discuss the following points to emphasise the improtance of bringing change and the change management.
The law of mind Difference forces that contrl our mind and thinking Solution to change menagement When we talk about change - what to change and making the chane happen How one can begin the change
The Law of Mind

If you always do what you have always done, you will get what you have always gotten.  If you want something new, do something new, especially when there are so many alternatives To keep pace with the changing environment, every organization has to bring change in its way of thinking, feeling and workingYesterday Today Natural resources defined power Knowledge is power Leaders commanded and controlled Leaders empower and coach Shareholders …

### Various Neckline Designs in Kurtis for Stylish Look

Be it college dress code, casual outing or office wear, kurtis have become an important part of a woman's wardrobe. Their comfort and dazzling colours make them preferred over other wears. One can easily combine them with palazzos, leggings, and jeans. This guide will brief you some more details about kurtis.

Various Necklines in Kurtis
1. Asymmetric Neckline
This neckline design is nothing but an amalgamation of multiple designs. It can be button work, patchwork or embroidered borders made by a tailor or designer. However, it is important that while choosing a kurti in this neckline, you are aware of your bust size. Moreover, make sure that the chosen design goes in line with your outfit.

2. Boat Neckline
As the name suggests, this neckline has boat shape. It enhances the beauty of shoulders by making them look broad. However, it's important to note that this neckline design suits small bust women. It may not work well for big bust women since it will make their shoulder lo…

### Selection of Right Clothes for Yoga Class - What to Wear to Yoga

Yoga is good for health and mind. Many individuals practice yoga everyday and yoga has become a lifestyle. Many do yoga at home and others go to a yoga club or attend regular yoga classes for practicing and learning yoga. With all the diversity one thing is common - yoga clothes. A different set of clothes (other than the daily wear and office outfits) is worn in the yoga class.

While I was searching for a guide on yoga clothes, I found some interesting and helpful articles around the internet. In this post, I have shared what the yoga experts say about yoga clothes.

1. What to Wear to Yoga // Livestrong.com
Andrea Cespedes has explained it well that selection of yoga wear depends on the style of yoga class. Read her expert advice here.

2. What Should I Wear to Yoga Class? // mindbodygreen.com
Daniel Scott has written a good post on kind of clothes you should wear to yoga class. Your clothes should be
Light, loose fitting clothing but not too light and looseDon’t hide the body, just c…

Colorlink doesn’t just identify color - it links you directly to the thread color experts, A&E. The A&E Colorlink App connects your entire team across the production process providing the right colors, so that finished garments always tell the right story.
The A&E Colorlink App makes the process of selecting from thousands of industrial thread colors fast and easy. Available for both Android and iPhone, you can optimize your thread color process, directly from the A&E Colorlink App:
Specify thread color with easeCreate personal thread color collectionsLocate complementary thread colorsBuild and compare thread color on virtual stitch types and different fabric backgroundsInstantly share your project details with colleagues and vendorsRequest thread color samples for co…

### Why Your Line Efficiency is Low - Identify the Reasons

On the shop floor, every day the production and IE team work hard to improve the line efficiency or at least they try to maintain the monthly average efficiency (benchmark efficiency). But the efficiency level goes down from time to time.

Let’s check the fact.

What is the average efficiency of your production lines?

Let’s assume the average line efficiency of your factory is 60% (Monthly average).

How the balance 40% standard time is lost? Where that 40% of the standard time is gone? (The efficiency data might be different to your factory).

You need to study the fact, analyze data and find out the root causes for having low efficiency.

Ask these questions to yourself and note down the answers to identify the reasons how a factory loss line efficiency.

A dry line - Do you often find that most of the operators in the line sit idle due to a shortage of feeding?

Idle times - Do you see operators sit idle for some reasons? If so what are the reasons?

Quality issues - Do you need to stop oper…

### Different Types of Knitting Machines

A knitting machine is a device used to create knitted fabrics in a semi and fully automated form. (wikipedia.org)

Various types of knitting machines are available for making knits fabric or knitting various parts of knitted garments. Knitting machines are broadly classified as weft knitting and warp knitting machines. In each of these machine classes – knitting machines are further classified depending on the machines shape and knitting technology.

Different types of knitting machines used for making different types of knitted fabrics are listed here.

#1.Circular knitting machine (Single Jersey)
This machine is to make single jersey fabrics. Single jersey circular knitting machines are sometimes known as just single jersey machines and single-knit machine.

#2. Circular knitting machine (Double Jersey)
This machine is used to make double jersey fabrics (rib fabric). These circular knitting machines are sometimes known as just double jersey machines, rib machines, and interlock machin…

### Current Minimum Wages in India 2017, State Wise

The textile and apparel sector is a labor intensive sector. The minimum wages of the garment industry workers play a major role in product costing and the factory running cost (Employee salary and wages) which in turn affects the product FOB.

In this post, the revised minimum wages of the garment industry workers in India is shared. In India, different states have different daily minimum wages for the shop floor workers. Also, workers are categorized in different skill levels. States included in this sheet are - Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Gujarat, Andra Pradesh.

This page has covered minimum wage data for a few states. The wages are summarized as a daily or monthly total in different categories.

The following data will help you comparing minimum wages of different states in India. State government updates the minimum wages of workers in each year. Some states revised the minimum wages it half-yearly or quarterly. Workers are generally categoriz…

### What is a Specification Sheet in Fashion?

A garment specification sheet is a technical document that contains the construction details of the product, a technical diagram/ sketch of the garment, measurements of the product. Here fashion is referred to the apparel and clothing products. The fashion designer communicates the design concept through the specification sheet. The stitch class and seam type are mentioned in the sketch. The diagram also communicates different measuring points by English letter (symbol).

To make the garment pattern, grading of the patterns for different sizes, developing a sample and sourcing of the materials, the spec sheet is followed.

The initial specification sheet is made for developing a proto sample. Later the specification sheet (measurement chart) may be revised after checking the sample FIT and garment construction. In the sampling stage, the quality inspector and buyer QA follow the instruction in the specification for the sample checking and sample approval.

At each stage of sample appro…

The daily production report is one of the MIS tools for operation management used in the manufacturing industry. The report, I have shared here is an example of the garment manufacturing plant.

The production report is prepared at various levels and in various formats by different garment units. Daily production report is normally made department wise and a combined production report is made including the production of all major processes.

Daily production report for stitching section, Daily production report for cutting sectionDaily production report for finishing sectionDaily production for report from cutting loading to order shipment  Here I have shared daily production report formats (Excel file) with instructions. Download the same and modify if you required.

Screenshots of the daily production report templates

1. Daily production report for cutting section
2. Daily production repo…

### How to Calculate Operator Number in the Operation Bulletin

An operation bulletin is an essential tool for garment analysis, manpower and machine number estimation for producing planned quantity. The operator number requirement for each operation is calculated on the OB sheet.

The operator number is calculated using the formula

Calculated manpower = (Operation SAM * Production target per shift) / (Total Work minutes in a shift * Target Efficiency)
Read the operation bulletin preparation method.

Let’s assume

Daily production target is 500 pieces, Operation SAM is 1.5 minutes, Factory works 8 hours a day (i.e. 480 minutes) and Target line efficiency is 70%.
Therefore, calculated manpower

= (500 x 1.5)/(480x70%) = 2.2

For your understanding, I have shown four more operations of a T-shirt. No. of calculated operators and actually allocated operators are shown to produce 2400 pieces per day at 75% target efficiency in 8 hours shift.

The calculated operator number often comes in decimals. But in practice, we can’t assign a fraction of an operato…

### How Many Meters of Cloth Do I Need for a Raincoat?

To make one raincoat you need 1.6 to 1.8 meters of cloth when the fabric width is 48-50 inches.

In this post, I am sharing a simple method of calculating fabric requirement for a raincoat. The same method can be used for estimating cloth requirement for any other garments.

Let me explain with the following example. This question was asked by an OCS reader and shared the following measurement of his raincoat.

Raincoat measurements:
- Length = 46 inches,
- Width = 47 inches (body circumference)
- Sleeve length =24 inches and
- Sleeve width=17 inches (circumference of the sleeve near armhole)
What would be the fabric requirement per raincoat in meters?
From the above measurement, the combined front and back body block dimension is 46 x 47.

If you buy a fabric of 48-50 inches wide, you can cut the front and back parts side by side. So you need fabric length for the body parts at least 46 inches + stitching margin plus cutting margin. Assume the margin fabric including both ends is 1 inch. S…

Questions
I am planning to start my own private label under the winter-wear segment. Currently, I am in the planning stage and am looking to gain knowledge about the type of fabrics, the properties of fabrics which go into jacket making.

I am very new to this industry and do not have technical knowledge about the apparel industry. I am keen on acquiring technical knowledge about fabrics, and also if possible undertake some course on technical know-how on textiles.

Can you suggest me to how to go about it? How can I gain technical knowledge on textiles? Any leads and suggestions would be of great help.
In this post, I am sharing my reply to these questions. Read this article to learn how one can gain technical knowledge of textiles and apparel manufacturing.

About the winter garments and fabrics
Winter-wears are mostly made of knitted fabrics. There are a variety of knitted fabrics available (different designs - knits structure of fabrics and GSM) for making these garments. Normally a …

### Blouse Design Ideas - Few Expert Tips On Getting A Perfect Blouse Stitched

The blouse is very important apparel in Indian clothing. The blouse was earlier considered just as an undergarment which is worn by ladies with a sari. But, as the time changes, the blouses have become a fashion statement. There are various styles and designs in which the blouses are being designed.

Blouses now-a-days are being designed in various ways. Be it the neck or back or sleeve designs of a blouse. There are numerous ways and styles a blouse can be stitched.

Expert tips for stitching blouses
There are many fashion experts who have contributed to making blouses a fashion statement. Now, blouses have become a fashion all over the world. Here are a few expert tips you should know if you want to get some trendy blouses included in your wardrobe.