Industrial Engineering #5

57. Role of Industrial Engineers in Garment Production Management
In one of my previous post I have written a detailed list of job profile of an Industrial Engineer. Read that post to know more on job responsibility of an engineer. Read full article >>

58. How to Make an Operation Bulletin for a Garment?
An operation bulletin is one of the primary IE tools. An OB helps to set a production line with correct number of machines and manpower. Read full article >>
59. How to Calculate Cutting SAM? 
Cutting SAM can be determined in the same way as you calculate stitching SAM of a garment. In cutting SAM calculation, consider cutting room sub-processes such as spreading, marking, cutting, fusing, re-laying, re-cutting, sorting, numbering and bundling as operations. Whether you like to determine only cutting SAM or all other processes also will depend on you. I have explained procedures for finding SAM for all cutting processes. Read full article >>

60. Why Do We Need to Measure Man to Machine Ratio in Garment Industry?
Man to machine ratio is considered one of the key performance indicators of a garment manufacturing company. Through this ratio factory management assesses how many personnel are employed per machine. This ratio gives a clear indication of indirect cost percentage on the direct labor cost of a company. Read full article >> 

61. How to Determine Machines Requirement for a New Factory?
In mass production instead of single sewing machine, different types of machines are installed. What types of machine mix one should purchase depends on the product category he want to make in his factory. As you know for knitted garments you need higher number of over edge and flat lock machines where for woven products you need higher no. of lock stitch machines. Read full article >>

62. Operation Breakdown and Machine Layout for Bra Manufacturing.

63. Difference Between SAM and SMV

64. How Line Supervisors do Hourly Target Follow up?
To manage the line performance line supervisor must do follow up whether hourly target is met or not. If a supervisor want to know what is the line output per hour then it is easy. He can count pieces physically or ask helper to count stitched pieces and note down hourly report in a board. But actual control can be done only by taking hourly production figure of each operator. There are various ways to know operator wise actual production in the last hour or from morning to till hour. Read full article >>

65. How to Allocate Sewing Operators for Different Styles?
Normally, allocation of sewing operators is done based on skill requirement in an operation, machine type to be used and performance required. Read full article >>

66. How to Do Skill Upgrading for Machine Operators?
Upgrading of skill to an operator can be done in various forms. It may be building skill in a different machine – one who can handle single needle machine train him to handle a over lock machine; building skill from single operation to multiple operations, building skill from easy operation to make a difficult operations – one who is skilled in straight stitch train him to make curve stitch . Skill to be imparted to a machine operator depends on the demand of a sewing line. Read full article >>

67. How to Calculate no. of Machines, Working Days and Output Based on Order Quantity?

68. How to Calculate Manpower Requirement of Finishing Section?

69. How to Calculate WIP level in Cutting, Sewing and Finishing Section?
Work in progress (WIP) or in-process inventory includes the set at large of unfinished items for products in a production process. These items are not yet completed but either just being fabricated or waiting in a queue for further processing or in a buffer storage. In garment manufacturing WIP is generally measured in pieces (unit). WIP can be measured Total pieces loaded in a process minus total pieces out from that process is the WIP of that process. Read full article >>

70. How to Calculate Efficiency of a Line that Produces Multiple Styles in a Day?

71. Work Study and Industrial Engineering Terms and Definitions

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