Workers Health and Safety in the Apparel Industry (Videos)

Apparel industry is a labour intensive industry. In an existing garment factory or in a new set-up workers’ health and safety must be considered in the first place. Workers are the main resources that keep machine running in a factory, and making the desired products.  In an unhealthy workplace workers could not work for a long time. All companies must follow health and safety policies. 

In a garment unit you need to take care on the following points at factory level.

How to Calculate Fabric Shrinkage Percentage in Garment and Textile Industry?

Textile fabric has a common feature that it shrinks in wet processing. Shrinkage means the length of the fabric get shorten after wash. So prior to cutting fabric for bulk production, you must check its shrinkage percentage in washing. The shrinkage percentage needed to add to the production pattern. Otherwise you would not get garment of correct fit and measurement could not match the specification sheet.

This post will discuss how to calculate fabric shrinkage percentage by your own at home or in a factory. Step by step guide to calculate fabric shrinkage percentage is shown below.

Step 1: Prepare the wash test sample
Cut fabric from the roll and take fabric specimen of 110 cm X 110 cm (length X width). If you have multiple lots in fabrics rolls, take sample from each lot.

Stitching Machines used in Making Kurtis, Salwar Kameez, Ladies Suits in Small Scales Businesses

Kurtis and ladies suits are very common apparel products in women wear. Many boutiques are doing their business on making custom made kurtis, churidar, ladies suits. Even they get lot of alteration work from local customers. Custom-made ladies apparel manufacturing  and alterations work are one of the good small scale businesses in small cities and metros.

You might have a plan to set up a factory for manufacturing Kurtis. Or similar product ranges like salwar kameez, ladies tops and Ladies suits manufacturing. Instead of making just custom-made products you can start mass production with couple of stitching machines.

This article covers different types of sewing machines required to make plain kurtis and tops.

How to Decide Better Fabrics against Particular GSM

This question is asked by one of the OCS readers. The answer of the question is not clearly provided in this post but I have explained what all things you need to look at to choose the right fabric.

GSM is weight of fabric per square meter area in grams.

Here what do you mean by better fabric? The ‘Better’ factor varies product to product. Better in terms of what? - Comfort, or hand feel, look of the fabric or its texture or durability? All these better factors may not be directly related with the fabric GSM.

A Miniature of Handloom Weaving Machine

Recently I visited one garment factory in Bangalore to conduct training programme.
While returning from Bangalore, I visited the saree shop in the airport to buy silk saree. It is near shopper stop showroom.The shop was selling mostly silk sarees. In the early morning there was no customers in that showroom other than me and one more couple who were buying saree.

The showroom has showcased one miniature of handloom weaving machine. The handloom is made of wooden frame. In the handloom, there is partially woven cloth.

It was very nice. I like it. I am sharing pictures of that handloom miniature.

Silk Sarees in the showroom @ Bangalore Airport

What to Check While Inspecting Legging's Quality?

Question: When inspecting a women's legging, what quality defects are we looking for? ... asked by Dave Neimer


Like other apparel products women's leggings are inspected at manufacturing stage - after finishing the leggings and before sending leggings to the retailers (buyer). Prior to starting garment inspection you should know what all points to be covered in inspection. By doing so, you can perform an effective inspection in minimum time. You have perform both visual checking as well as  measurement checking.

While you start garment inspection, refer the spec sheet, approved sample and style file.

Following are the quality check points for knits women's leggings to be inspected.

Kanban System in Lean Manufacturing (Part#5 of Big Fat Lean)

Kanban is an information system used to ascertain that production occurs only when the demand is created downstream.

Kanban literally signboard or billboard in Japanese, is a scheduling system for lean and just-in-time (JIT) production. Kanban is a system to control the logistical chain from a production point of view, and is an inventory control system. Kanban was developed by Taiichi Ohno, an industrial engineer at Toyota, as a system to improve and maintain a high level of production. (wikipedia, 2015)

Kanban is a visual tool used to achieve just in time (JIT) production.

CISMA 2015 Shanghai, China will be held on 23 - 26 Sept. 2015

An upcoming event CISMA 2015 (China International Sewing Machinery & Accessories Fair 2015), opening on 23rd Sept in Shanghai, China. This is a bi-yearly event where you can explore latest technologies for apparel  and sewn product industry - from production planning to cutting room to sewing room to finishing and lot more.
image source: CISMA via Facebook

Garment industry technology solution providers from different parts of the world are participating CISMA 2015 Shanghai. Here are few brands those are going to showcase theirs latest developments.

Minimum Wages Update in Delhi and NCR, India 2015 (for Readymade Garment Industry)

This is the latest minimum wage update for the readymade garment industry workers in Delhi and NCR area, India.

State government updates minimum wages of workers in each year. Some states do it half-yearly or quarterly. Cities under National capital region of India includes New Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida, Gurgaon, Faridabad etc.

Each state has different ways to calculate total daily wages.

All wages are in Indian Rupees (INR). 1 US$=65.74 INR (on 18/09/2015)

Workers are generally categorized as Unskilled, Semi-skilled and Skilled. Though categorization may vary state to state. The following data table will help to compare minimum wages of 3 states in National Capital Region.

Does Employee Happiness Lead to Improved Work Performance?

This is a guest submission from Manoj Singh.
Happy team at Jamuna Apparels 


Through decade long process improvement-consulting experience, I will say following are some of the major problems found in the apparel manufacturing industry.
  • Worker turnover, 
  • Absenteeism and 
  • Low employee involvement in process improvement
These three factors lead low productivity, poor quality, increase in wastage and low profitability. All these problems have a direct relation with worker happiness.

Global companies like Google, Amazon and many others most successful companies have taken serious initiative for improving employee happiness. We all know company’s growth and innovation comes from their happy and dedicated employees.