Nano Finishing in Textiles – an Introduction

This is a guest contribution from Priyadarshinee Nath

Nanotechnology has been in use since decades and is one of the most promising technologies of the century. The research and development of nanotechnology have been used for creating developed materials, system and devices as well as diffusing new properties. The properties of bulk materials of substances are changed when converted into nano particles.

What Kinds of Machines are Required for Starting Garment Business? (for Beginners)

Question: I want to start garment manufacturing in small scale. What all machines I need to purchase for my factory?

It is good news that you are also interested in setting up your garment business, like many other entrepreneurs. I want to let you know that this is a common question everyone asks about machines and necessary equipment requirement for starting garment business. I have written reply to this question many times. Today I am writing an extensive post on this question. I am not just answering your question directly by giving a fix list of sewing machines but I will be discussing it with examples – things based on which machine types are planned for a new set-up.

Apparel E-commerce Business Formats and Concepts

Online apparel stores are grooming in India. In the online marketplace there are many big players as well as small sellers like individual designers. Now e-commerce business is not only selling ready-made garments online but the apparel business has taken many different forms to provide end-consumers a new experience. At the same time there are entrepreneurs who are exploring new things with internet and IT solutions. Many e-commerce businesses only focus on niche products to provide best designs and variety of designs in the specific niche as per customer’s test.

8 Resources to Learn about Garment Specification Sheet and Template

Whether you are representing a brand, or a buyer, or garment manufacturer, you need the garment spec to make right garment first time. The spec sheet is also known as techpack.

There are wide ranges of apparel products and each product has a different specification. Also in same product range different brands follow different spec based of their standard fit and model. Spec sheets are blueprint for constructing garment.

Fabric Structure for Plain Weave (with Pictures)

Did you come across with this term "plain weave"? If you are dealing with woven fabrics directly or indirectly you might heard this term.Yes this is a basic thing in fabric manufacturing. But if you have not attended any course on textiles (fabrics), this might be a new thing to you.

I have explained plain weave structure with images and diagram.

What is the Meaning of Fabric Construction and Weight

Question: I sent fabric samples to one of the dealers and they asked me to provide the fabric construction and weights for those samples. Could you please let me know, what they mean? ... asked by an OCS reader.


When you place an order for something, you provide item specifications to get desired item from a supplier. Same thing applies in fabric sourcing. There are wide range of fabrics in terms of fabric designs, fibre content, fabric thickness and fabric quality. But you want one specific fabric for your garments or clothing.

IE's Role and Responsibility in Various Positions

It is important to know your role to accomplish maximum task and get motivated to work. Do you have this in your factory for your department and for your profile?

An industrial engineer of a garment export house based in Bangalore shared job responsibility of IE department followed by the company. See what they do to manage and control garment production and improve production process. Just in case, if you don’t have defined roles and responsibilities for IE department in your factory you can follow this.

Learner's Digest to Textile Finishing

Image source:

This post is contributed by Arnab Sen.

A learner recently asked me,
“When I stepped into the textile industry for my internship, I was asked how to detect a good fabric from a bad one. What would be the correct answer?” 
I said, “Nothing in textiles can be classified as good or bad. Even the roughest of fabric can be chosen for rugs, and the weakest of them as a filter cloth. So, it entirely depends on the end-use.”

An Unconventional Line Layout for Garment Production (Images)

Figure-1: Sewing line layout
In this layout sewing machines are placed in zig-zag form and a wide table (same height of sewing table) is placed for material handling. The same table is used for garment checking. See the following figures.

Step by Step Guide to T-Shirt Manufacturing for Business

Are you interested in starting T-shirt business? Whether it is a manufacturing business or planning for starting your own t-shirt brand, you need to learn t-shirt manufacturing process. From design a t-shirt to shipping the t-shirt to retail store.