Subcontracting Business Process in Garment Industry

In my earlier post 10 small business ideas in garment industry, I have mentioned subcontracting (job-work) is one option for entrepreneurs to start business with low investment. In this post I will explain the procedures of subcontracting in apparel supply chain.

What is Subcontracting?


Subcontracting can be defined as doing partial work of a contract that is originally received by other. The companies those do subcontracting are called as subcontractors. They are also known as job-workers.

IE Guide Book is Available on Flipkart and Amazon Store

This is just for your information that my book Industrial Engineering Guide to Job Interview Preparation is available on Amazon and Flipkart store.

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Tips for Sourcing Quality Garments for Your Business

So, you are in apparel business. And you are sourcing garments from various garment factories. Or are you just planning to start your dream business in garment industry? Read on following tips on sourcing garments.

I am often asked one question by small business owners and by would be entrepreneurs - ‘How to know that vendors are supplying quality garments?’
To help them out I have shared few tips on how to know that you are getting quality garments. These tips are applicable to any size of garment business that source garments from various manufacturers.

Sustainability in Apparel Industry – Commitments and Strategies undertaken to become Sustainable

This is a guest contribution from Bhawna Sharma

I have been developing my interest in sustainability after observing the sustainability measures under taken by apparel industry. The same environmental sensibilities that have swept the foodie world (farm-to-table, organic produce) are making inroads in the fashion universe. Slowly but surely the apparel industry is catching on to sustainability and corporate social responsibility.

In the past several years, the apparel industry has faced intensifying criticism about its environmental footprint and has once again reacted both on a brand level, with many brands establishing their own sustainability commitments and strategies, as well as on an industry-wide scale with initiatives such as the Sustainable Apparel Coalition.

Difference Between Basic Time and Standard Time

Basic Time and Standard Time are used by Work-study officers and Industrial Engineers for work measurement. Observed Time or Cycle Time are two other terms used in time measurement. To differentiate above terminologies, definition and explanation are given below.

Cycle Time:

Cycle time is defined as the time duration from starting point of a job to the starting point of the next job. This time is established from the observation data of an operator while working at a certain pace.

Example: In a sewing operation, pick up of first piece to pick up of second pieces is cycle time. In cycle time, material handling time is included with actual work time in a machine.

Growth Rate of Minimum Wages in the Apparel Industry (Haryana, India 2011-2014)

Garment and Textile Industry is labor-intensive. The latest increase of minimum wages in Haryana, India hits the garment manufacturing business. As garment industry is facing big challenges with 60% increment of average minimum wages from last minimum wages (January,1 2014 to June, 30 2014). Read on to know the growth trend of minimum wages.

Haryana Government has fixed minimum wages for Unskilled, Semi-skilled, Skilled and Highly-skilled employees. The increase of minimum wages this time is very high compared to last 5 increments.

Gugaon, Faridabad and Manesar are three major industrial clusters in Haryana state for ready-made garment industry.Where most of the export garment manufacturers are located other than Delhi, Noida and Greater Noida in Northern part of India.

Determining Garment Piece Rate Based on Standard Time - An Introduction

On the other day I met one Head Operations  in a garment factory. On that day he was only one week old to that company. We were discussing about issues faced by small garment factories like problem in setting Piece Rate for new styles. He was asking me about setting piece rate for sewing operators based on operation SAM. And our discussion went on.

It was a knits factory. Garments are made by a group of operators. Progressive  Bundle System (PBS) doesn't exist there. Operators are paid in piece rate system. Piece rates are decided by past work experience of the manager, market rate, and mutual negotiation of factory and operators. Factory is looking for a solution for this problems caused due to piece rate system. As a new operations head, he likes to bring good systems in the factory.

Fibre2Fashion Mobile App for Smart Phones (Android and iPhones)

Fibre2Fashion, a B2B web portal for the Garment and Textile Industry, has recently launched a Mobile App for Smart Phones.

You no more need to open your computer or laptop to read the latest Textile News. You can read it on your phone by installing Fibre2Fashion Mobile App in your smart phone.  More than just Textile News, it delivers useful information pertaining to your business, be it Textile Business leads, Fibre - Feedstock Price Trend information or Jobs opening.

Workstation Design for Trouser Side Seam Operation with Zippy Edge Guide

Attachments are time saving equipment for many sewing operations. Sewing workstation layout can be improved by using attachment and guides.

If you are already using attachments in sewing operations you might know how attachments help in increasing productivity and consistency in stitch quality. I am sharing one such sewing machine attachment used in trouser side seam operations.

Factories those make trousers must see this video. From this video you can follow its workstation layout - like placement of stacking cut panels, height of bench where cutting are stacked. In this video operator is using zippy guide and auto-stacker for stacking stitched trousers. Look at the sewing speed and material handling of the operator. You can use this video to train your operators also.

Tips to Make Daily Production Report Quickly?

Is your morning task to make Daily Production Report (DPR)? Does it take too much time of yours?
Read on this article and find ways to make your daily report quickly.

Why it takes too much time to finish Daily Production Report?


Did you try to analysis what stop you making the report on time? I am sharing my personal experience on this. In the recent past I have implemented MIS system (data capturing formats and report generations) in a garment factory. Data operator was allocated to make daily production report in the morning as early as possible. During implementation of report making, we found many obstructions that cause the delay in report making. Scheduled time was 9:30 (Factory starts at 9:00 am). Followings are few obstructions I had observed -