Production Planning and Control – the Concept and Definition

This is a guest post from Ashish Kumar Gupta.

Production Planning is one of the integral parts of any manufacturing unit. The process complexities vary in degree depending upon the number of processes involved in the production of desired product. With the globalization the sourcing process has become complex as international boundaries are not a deterrent in conducting the business.

Production planning is a managerial function mainly concerned with the following issues.

International GOTS Conference in India (May 22, 2015)

The First International GOTS Conference-‘Strong Partnerships for Success’, to be held on
May 22, 2015, in Mumbai, India.

India is the largest producer of organic cotton (around 70 per cent of the world). It is also the largest processing and export market of textiles using organic fibres. With more than 1,000 facilities, India is also the country with the highest number of GOTS certified facilities worldwide, which makes it actually the hottest sourcing destination for the same. However, even more commitment is required at garmenting stage to further exploit the potential in this sector.

Common Practices Followed to Control Fabric Shrinkage in Garment Manufacturing

Fabric shrinks when it is washed. This is one of the common facts of fabric quality. How much fabric will shrink is not predictable. As fabric shrinkage varies from one type of fabric to another. Even roll to roll shrinkage variation is found for the same fabric and in the same order (due to lot variation). Woven fabric shrinkage (2-4%) will vary from knits shrinkage (3-8%). Shrinkage of stretchable fabric (10-18%) is higher compared to normal woven fabrics.

In this article I will share common practices followed by garment manufacturers to control fabric shrinkage in fabric as well as in garment. To control fabric shrinkage to wash you first need to test fabrics prior to taking any action. Common processes of measuring fabric shrinkage are discussed here.

Use Pivot Table and Become Smart in Report Making (Download Excel Template)

Report making is one of the daily activities for most of the garment manufacturers in the garment industry. Most of the them use spread sheet (MS Excel or Open Office) for making daily production report and other reports.

I assume that you are one of them. You may know how to use spread sheet. The question is how are you utilizing excel tools to make your reports?

What is Inline Inspection in the Garment Industry?

Inspection means checking the quality of a work or a product. Inline Inspection means checking quality of the product in the process instead of checking at the end of the process when product is completely made. Inline inspection in a garment factory means checking of semi-stitched garments or partially stitched garments while pieces are still inside the line and all sewing operations are not yet stitched.

Inline inspection is also known as roving quality checking or roaming quality checking. Inline inspection is done for 100% of garments or certain percentage of total stitched pieces. Various format of inline checking exits in the garment stitching.

4 Point System for Fabric Inspection: A Discussion Post

I guess you completely understand the use of 4 Point System and method of measuring total penalty points per 100 square yards. If you have any doubt and have questions read this post thoroughly and comment on it.

Last month I have received one mail with so many questions and queries on 4 Point systems. When I first time wrote an article on 4 Point System, I did not thought that much dip. 

This is a real life case. I have received this issue with some queries and replied him back with appropriate answers. I am not sharing the name of the sender of this mail. 

What is Bundle Allowance?


You may already know that to determine Standard Time (SAM) using Time Study method various allowances are added to the basic time. Bundle allowance is one such allowance. Do you know what bundle allowance is?

In Progressive Bundle Production System (PBS), number of garments are bundled together. These bundles are fed to the sewing line. Sewing operators need to open (untie) the bundle before he can start sewing garment pieces. After completing one bundle operators need to tie up the bundle before he stacks the bundle or slide it to the following operator. For this activity operator spends certain time. It may be fraction of minutes. The time required for bundle tying and untying is considered as bundle allowance.

How to Produce Accurate Standard Times?

This is a guest submission from Sunaina Khanna

Some times ago we had the opportunity to build a system to establish standard times for the garment industry, this was caused by the continued problem of poor production planning, and not knowing how well the company was performing, how efficiently we performed the various operations, and what our status was in comparison to our competitors.

We needed something that was easy to use, simple, and of course would produce accurate standard times. It had to be able to produce the best possible method of doing the operation and allow performance to be measured to see where we stood in comparison to the rest of the industry.

Garment Technology Expo 2015, New Delhi

An upcoming event Garment Technology Expo 2015 will be held from 28th February 2015 to 3rd March 2015 at NSIC Exhibition Complex.

This is a yearly event where you can explore latest machinery, technology, accessory suppliers and lot more.

Indian Garment Industry – A Vision Document

This is guest post from Ashish Kumar Gupta

As the production cost is increasing in India, the buyers and the manufacturers are heading to lower cost destinations like Bangladesh. The exodus is happening at a faster pace. Indian industry has passed its prime without even attaining the maturity. The challenges are same but the solutions were never ever effectively implemented. It is the time to introspect and reframe the solutions. Firm determination and dedication is required to reverse the tide.

A thorough analysis is imperative to arrive at doable and practical solution.