How Many Meters of Cloth Do I Need for a Shirt?

If you just want to know the average length of fabric for the custom made shirts, you can use the following data.
  • 1.6 meters for 58 - 60 inches wide fabric
  • 2.25 meters for 36 - 44 inches wide fabric
Remember, woven fabric (shirt fabric) is available in the market in different widths. The common widths are 36 inches, 44 inches, and 58-60 inches.

In the shop and online stores, the cut piece fabric for shirting (unstitched fabric) is available in 2.25 meters (width 36-44") and 1.6 meters (58-60")

If you want to know cloth length in yards, then just multiply the meters by 1.09361.

Also Read: How Many Meters of Cloth Needed for Making a Pant

A shirt manufacturing unit (domestic brands) use to the following chart for fabric requirement in different types of shirt designs. You may find this useful.

Shirt type
Fabric consumption  when fabric width  is 60 inch  
Fabric consumption  when fabric width is 44 inch
Formal Full Sleeve
1.6 meters
2.10 meters
Formal Half Sleeve
1.4 meters
1.90 meters
Short Shirt Full sleeve
1.45 meters
1.90 meters
Short Shirt Half Sleeve
1.3 meters
1.75 meters

Note: The factory used to cut multiple shirts in a single layer and makes shirts in 4 sizes (S, M, L, XL) in a ratio of 1:2:2:1

Also note for large check and stripes pattern repeat, if the tailor needs to match the stripes and check, fabric requirement will increase.

Also see: Readymade shirt manufacturing

Advanced knowledge:
The average fabric requirement in length is different in mass production then the custom-made shirt. As in the mass-production, factory use to cut multiple shirts in one layer and reduce the fabric wastage in two ends of the cloth. Also for different shirt sizes (Small, Medium, Large, Extra-large), a different length is fabric is required depending on the shirt length. They use pattern nesting software (marker making) to maximize the fabric utilization. Thus they reduce the fabric consumption per shirt. In the end, the cost of a shirt depends on the fabric consumption. There are many other ways of saving fabric and optimize the shirt cost.