What is a Defective Garment – Explained with Pictures

A defective garment

The formal answer is - a garment piece that does not meet the customer requirement is a defective garment. A defective garment can be defined another way that a garment which has unacceptable defects or flaws is a defective piece. A defect might be related to specs (variation of measurement), related to raw material quality (fabric and trims used in the garment), shade variation or stitching defects, construction defects or performance defects.

Buyers (brands) point view, even if a wrong label (size label, content label, main label) is found in a garment, garment is considered as a defective piece. Buyers want all garments to be made following their specification and instructions. Variation of specification is a defective piece, whatever it is. Manufacturers need to correct such defects before final inspection to eliminate defective pieces from the shipment.

Defects are categories as critical defects, major defects and minor defects. Once you are aware about garment defects and know possible locations/places of defect occurrence, you can easily find out and detect a defective garment.

Also See: Tips for Sourcing Quality Garments for Your Business

Many defects are not visible in garments. Consumer who don’t aware about quality requirement (other than fabric hand feel, look and component details) would not able to detect the defect before they use it. This is a positive point for garment manufacturers and retailers. In case you are working in garment manufacturing, whether a part of quality control team or in other departments, you should know how to identify a defective garment.

Pictures of garment defects
Defective garment
Stitching defect - unsecured seam

I just like to add my observations. I often purchase domestic/local brands for clothes (these garments may be made locally or sourced from other part of the country) as sometimes I don't get option to buy clothes from good brand. I found most of the garments are defective pieces based on my analysis. I observed that stitches are not secured in many seams, lot of loose thread tails are found inside the garment and buttons are not secured. All button pulled out after few days of use. Seam edges opened after few days. Even raw edges found at all seams. These are defective garments.

I think manufacturers and entrepreneurs of such defective garments don’t aware that unsecured seam and loosely attached hook and button are not a quality product.

See some pictures of garment defects.
Joint out (stitching defect)

Broken seam (stitching defect)

Unsecured binding

Open seam

Also Read: How defective garments are measured?

Prasanta Sarkar

Prasanta Sarkar is a textile engineer and a postgraduate in fashion technology from NIFT, New Delhi, India. He has authored 6 books in the field of garment manufacturing technology, garment business setup, and industrial engineering. He loves writing how-to guide articles in the fashion industry niche. He has been working in the apparel manufacturing industry since 2006. He has visited garment factories in many countries and implemented process improvement projects in numerous garment units in different continents including Asia, Europe, and South Africa. He is the founder and editor of the Online Clothing Study Blog.

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