Different Types of Trims used in Garments

Different types of trims used in garment making

In a short period of time, fashion went from being a street style to a life style. Fashion is a vibrant industry. Fashion involves choosing daily outfits that follow current trends. 
Fashion includes all of the little details in addition to the clothes you wear. When discussing specifics, the buttons on the pants, the zipper on the sides, the ripped jeans, the sheen of the dress, and so on jump out at us. These are simply trims. 

Any materials or components used in clothing that are not the main fabric are referred to as trims. In addition to the primary fabric, the garments are made from a variety of other materials. Examples of trims include sewing thread, buttons, zippers, Velcro, labels, shoulder pads, linings, and interlinings. 

Trimmings or trims come in two varieties: visible trimmings and invisible trimmings. Some trims are used on clothing for functional purposes, while others are used for aesthetic ones. Additionally, we can call the things used in sewing rooms besides textile fabrics are trims.

List of different types of trims

Here I have shared common trims used in apparels and clothing items. An image is added for representing the trims.

1. Sewing Thread

It is invariably the most important part of any garment industry. Garments cannot be stitched without a sewing thread. Even though sewing thread typically makes up a small portion of the cost of clothing, it has a huge impact on the final item's appearance and durability. Natural and synthetic fibres can both be used to make sewing thread. There are various types of threads available such as synthetic threads, threads made from natural fibres, filaments, spun and core-spun.

2. Buttons

Buttons are the one item that can be used with any outfit and serve as both a functional and decorative element. It is a tiny, generally round, plastic or metal object with a disc- or knob-like shape that is used to close openings or decorate clothing. It is typically made of plastic, but it can also be made of metal, horn, ivory, shell, celluloid, glass, wood, etc. A button is typically a fastener that is inserted into a loop of thread or a buttonhole.

Learn about button sizing.

3. Rivets

Rivets takes us back to the time when denim or jeans were invented. They are positioned on the parts of the jeans that are most likely to be torn apart by pressure or movement and work to keep the fabric together, extending the life of the garment. A "washer" or "disc" is pressed or hammered onto a metal stud that protrudes through the fabric to create a rivet. Invented by Jacob Davis and patented by Levi Strauss & Co. in 1873, the riveting of work wear trousers was what started the legend that made blue jeans famous and long-lasting.

4. Zipper

A zipper is a slide fastener made of interlocking elements that are each attached to one of the opposing edges of two tapes, as well as a movable component known as a "slider" that spans the interlocking elements. When the slider is moved in one direction, the elements on one tape engage with those on the other tape, while when it is moved in the opposite direction, the elements disengage. It is utilised in clothing (such as jackets and jeans), bags, sporting goods, camping equipment (such as tents and sleeping bags), and other items used on a daily basis.

5. Lining

Linings are typically useful components of a garment. The inner side of the garment has linings to offer comfort and protection. For use where decoration and a warm handle are required, linings are available as knitted and woven fabric made from polyester, poly-amide, acetate, or viscose. Linings are attached to the main garment by sewing, and a standard, plain sewing machine is used for this.

6. Interlining

The terms lining and interlining are distinct. A textile called interlining is inserted between two layers of fabric in clothing. Essentially, it is placed between the lining and the shell fabric. They are utilised to support, strengthen, and regulate the shape of some parts of clothing, such as the collar, cuffs, waistbands, facings, and coat lappets. They could be fused to the garment or they could be sewn into it. Compared to sewn interlinings, fusible interlinings produce better results. Both woven and non-woven products are acceptable.

7. Hook and loop fastener

This item was created by a Swiss inventor, who proposed the brand name "Velcro" for it. This product is made of two woven poly-amide tapes that can be pulled apart and cling together when pressed around each other. One of the tapes is covered in extremely tiny hooks, and the other in extremely tiny loops. Only a small number of clothing items, such as shoes, belts, sportswear, children's clothing, medical textiles, etc., use it.

8. Hook and eye closure

A hook-and-eye closure is a type of clothing fastener that consists of two parts: one has a small, protruding blunt hook, and the other has a protruding eye. Both parts are sewn to the appropriate pieces of fabric. The hook is inserted into the loop to secure the garment. Usually used in groups, hook-and-eye closures are strong enough to withstand the forces involved in everyday wear. In corsets, hook-and-eye closures are frequently employed.

9. Eyelet or Grommet

Grommets are typically larger in size and used for heavier-duty materials. To close off the opening for a drawstring casing, eyelets are frequently used. A buttonhole will accomplish the same thing, but an eyelet can add a polished appearance. It is a required trim for hoodie.

10. Label

Labels are an integral part of clothing that are sewn or printed with significant information about the item. It enables customers to be conscious of what they are wearing. The buyer's name, the country of origin, the fabric and yarn types, the fabric composition, the size of the garment, any special care instructions, and other information are all included on a garment's label.

11. Patch

A patch is a type of trim made from fabric, leather, or other materials that is sewn or heated to the garment. It was a very original, well-known, and alluring idea to sew patches onto
clothing. Patches still have some special meaning associated with various brands today. Some incredibly well-known brands, including Levis, still use it.

12. Motif

A motif is a recurring concept, design, pattern, or idea. A motif is a smaller component of a much larger work in textile arts. Motifs can be of any size, but they are typically all the same size in a single work. On the motif, you can write the company name, a trademark, or other symbols.

13. Shoulder pad

For both men's and women's tailored clothing, shoulder pads are a standard component. Both the top and bottom of the shoulder pad are lined. The appearance consequently improves in attractiveness, comfort, and longevity.

14. Snap fastener

A pair of interlocking discs known as a snap fastener, also known as a snap, popper, or press stud, is frequently used to secure clothing instead of buttons. Up until a certain amount of force is applied, a circular lip under one disc fits into a groove on top of the other, holding them fast. By using a particular punch and die set, hammering, plying, or sewing, snaps can be attached to fabric.

15. Hasps and Slider

A metal fastening system known as a "Hasp and Slider" is used on the shoulder strap to adjust the length of the strap by sliding it, and the hasp is connected by the slider to a button fastened to the bib of the overalls. The Hasp and Slider pattern is most frequently seen on infant clothing. The baby clothing products have a stylish appearance thanks to Hasp and Slider.

16. Beads

A tiny piece of plastic or another similar material that is usually rounded and perforated so that it can be woven into a necklace or sewn to fabric. 

The following names are also used to refer to seed beads: Czech glass beads, Miyuki seed beads, Glass beads, Miyuki Delica beads, Toho seed beads, Swarovski crystal beads, Art beads, Fusion Beads, Nalki beads, Miyuki beads, Cutdana beads, Delica Beads, Preciosa beads, Embroidery beads, or Bugle Beads are some of the bead types available. Czech machine-cut glass is highly polished and used to make crystal beads. They come in a variety of shapes, including drum, round, bicone, drop, rondelle, briolette, and cubic. Machine embroidery employs plastic beads with holes for sewing.

17. Sequins

A sequin is a tiny, shiny plate that is used as an ornament, especially on clothing. Sequins can be found in a variety of hues. Additionally, they are divided into four main categories: coated, coated with pearl, coated with holograms, and metal. The sequin trim is the most striking of all the trims.

18. Rhinestones

Rhinestones were originally rock crystals collected from the Rhine, hence the name, but today the term "rhinestone" only refers to lead glass varieties referred to as crystal glass. Rhinestones come in a variety of styles, including glue-on flat back rhinestones, sew-on rhinestones, and flat back hot-fix rhinestones. Rhinestones are widely used as a trim to decorate or create stylish products for infants or women.

19. Ribbon

A ribbon, also known as a riband, is a short, flexible band of material, usually made of cloth but occasionally of plastic or metal, that is primarily used for tying and binding. Cloth ribbons, of which silk is the most common type, are used for a variety of practical, decorative, and symbolic purposes by cultures all over the world. They are also frequently used in connection with clothing.

20. Drawstring

Any retractable cord, ribbon, or tape made of a textile or non-textile material with two loose ends that fits snugly around something or doesn't. To change the size of the garment opening, drawstrings are pulled together.

Related post: Raw material used in making coats and jackets

23. Lace

Lace is a sensual fabric that can be created manually or artificially using yarn or thread arranged in an arbitrary web-like pattern. It is sewn into bralettes, dresses, skirts, and other clothing. Cotton thread is now used more frequently than silver, gold, silk, or linen threads, which were used previously.

24. Fringe

Fringe is a straightforward trim that can be added to any garment to give it an elegant appearance. It is a decorative textile border that is sewn onto the edge of a textile product, like drapery, a flag, or epaulettes.

25. Fur

Fur trim is warm, stylish, and absolutely gorgeous. Many costume designers, including Duru Olowu, Proenza Schouler, and Alberta Ferretti use fur to give their creations an edge over the competition.

26. Feathers

Feathers were very popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Anyone who was anyone wore feathers, which were taken from various birds and sewn onto their clothing and hats. The economy benefited greatly from this trend, but the bird community suffered greatly; several species came dangerously close to extinction. Nowadays, feathers made of synthetic fibres are more commonly used as a dress trim rather than on hats.

27. Tassel

A tassel is an ornament made of gathered yarn or thread and a solid, big assembly point that connects to a cord. It is primarily used in sarees and dupattas to give them that extra oomph.


About the Author: Adita Banerjee is pursuing her graduate degree in Textile Technology from the Government College of Engineering and Textile Technology, Serampore. She loves writing content and reading books.

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post


Contact Form