Raw Materials Used in Making Coats and Jackets

Raw materials used for making coats and jackets
A coat or jacket is an outerwear garment, worn on the upper body up to mid-stomach length for warmth or insulation or fashion. Coats typically have full sleeves and are open down the front, generally closed by means of buttons, zippers. In this article, we will share a list of raw materials used for making coats (for men or women). 

List of material
  1. Shell Fabrics
  2. Lining Fabrics
  3. Interlinings (Fusible interlining)
  4. Shoulder pad
  5. Stitching threads /Sewing threads
  6. Button
  7. Zippers
  8. Labels

1. Fabrics for Shell 

The shell or shell fabric of a coat or jacket is the outer portion of the jacket and it’s where the material of your jacket shines, and the style and colour and silhouette of your outerwear are on display.  So, what kind of fabrics are used for the shell of a jacket? 




Most Common Fabrics Used for the coats and jackets -

Fabrics made up of different types of fibres can be used for making jackets - some are lightweight, some are heavier, some are finer, some may be heavier, but all kind of fabrics made of different fibre contents are used according to the end-use of it.

1.1. Wool fibre: 
Fabrics made up of worsted wool are often used for the procurement of jackets, they are excellent protector from cold weather. 
Image: Wool fibre


1.2. Linen: 
Comparatively lightweight than wool, generally used in spring-summer,
Image: Linen fibre

1.3. Cotton fabrics: 
It is the most abundant fabric available
Image - Cotton fibre



1.4. Polyester-cotton blended fabrics: 
Blended fabrics of polyester and cotton. Generally available in 30/70, 40/60, 50/50, 60/40 blend variety.

1.5. Polyester-wool blended fabrics: 
Cheaper than pure wool, nearly similar insulation properties like wool

1.6. Tweed: 
Tweed is made out of wool or wool blend and usually comes in naturally-occurring colors. Tweed is also very durable Lightweight. Tweed coats are a good option for more mild fall temperatures while heavyweight tweed coats can withstand even the most frigid of winters.
Image- tweed fabric


2. Fabrics for Lining material

The lining of the coat or jacket retains its shape and provides an inner layer of extra insulation. It also provides a softer layer between the wearer and any coarse materials so that the coat/jacket is more comfortable. There are different weights of lining from lightweight to heavyweight, and most contain polyester, silk or satin or a mix of the three. As a result, the jacket lays nicely over the contours of the body.
Image- Lining fabric of a jacket

Different types of lining fabrics available as the followings.

2.1 Silk linings: These are perhaps the most comfortable to wear, but also more expensive than synthetic linings.

2.2. Bemberg Silk is a high-quality synthetic material that is cheaper than natural silk, but more expensive than other synthetics.

2.3. Acetate is a crisp fabric but lacks durability.

2.4. Rayon lasts longer than acetate, but not as long as polyester. Linings made from polyester last long hardly breathe. 

3. Interlinings 

It can be used to protect fabrics, especially those used in drapes and consequently often exposed to direct light. Delicate fabrics like silk and velvet can suffer from sun damage if hung with a liner alone, and most drapers recommend the use of an interlining for the life of the fabric. Interlinings are materials that are fused or sewn to specific areas on the inside of garments or garment components. They may provide shape, support, stabilization, reinforcement, hand, and improved performance for garments.
Interlining for jackets
Image: Interlining material

4. Shoulder pads

It can be seen in coats which are a type of fabric-covered padding used in clothing to give the wearer the illusion of having broader and less sloping shoulders. Shoulder pads are often used in jackets, and overcoats, usually sewn at the top of the shoulder and fastened between the lining and the outer fabric layer.

Image: Shoulder pads

5. Sewing threads

Sewing threads are yarns that are engineered and designed to pass through a sewing machine when they form efficient stitches without breaking or becoming distorted during the useful life of the apparel or accessory product. The basic function of a thread is to deliver aesthetics and performance in stitches and seams.

Different types of thread are used for making jackets like cotton, Spun Silk, Spun Polyester, continuous filament polyester, Spun Nylon continuous filament Nylon

The spun polyester threads which are made from the staple polyester fibre are generally used in stitching components of jackets, two or more spun polyester yarns are twisted together to produce spun polyester thread, it shows better tenacity and good abrasion resistance than cotton sewing threads and also shows lesser shrinkage, the thread of ticket no. 120 and tex value ranging from 16 to 40 are used. Sewing threads are available in different packages.

Image: Spun polyester sewing thread

6. Buttons

In the modern clothing and apparels, a button is a small fastener, most commonly made of plastic but also may be made of metal, wood, or seashell, that joins two pieces of fabric components together. In a jacket, buttons are used on front and sleeve cuffs. Buttons made of different materials are shown here.
different types of buttons for coats

6.1. Plastic buttons: Made of plastic, cheap, hardly sustain in dry clean process, available everywhere. 

6.2. Pearl buttons: Made from the inner layer of pearl oysters and tend to have a little more colour depth than plastic resin buttons. Can be broken or cracked by the most brutal of dry cleaning conditions, real colour limitations when looking for a variety of colours.

6.3. Horn buttons: Made of animal horn material, really tough and durable, pricier than mother of pearl and plastic buttons.

6.4. Wooden buttons: Made of wood of different levels of quality, allow for engraving and can look particularly stylish

6.5. Metal buttons: Pure metal or metallic blend, an array of colours for metal buttons is quite limited Beside this Two-hole button & Four-hole buttons are also used

7. Zippers

Normally, the zipper is not used in formal suits. But for the casual jackets and coats, zippers are used as functional trims (front opening) and decorative purpose.  Zippers can be classified as a nylon zipper, metal one and a plastic zipper, open-end zipper, closed-end zipper. In jackets or coats, nylon zippers are used.

8. Labels

A garment label is a bridge element between the buyer and the product. A garment label contains various types of information of that garments, such as buyer name, country of origin, types of fabric, types of yarn, fabric composition, garments size, special instruction about care, RN number (company address) etc. Different types of materials are used for different labels. Most of the labels used in coats are printed labels and the label is attached to the garment.

References:

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