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Showing posts from May, 2016

Sustainable Labour Costing and its Impact on the Apparel Industry

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This is a guest contribution from Charm Rammandala. The purpose of this article is to discuss what labour costing is and its importance to the sustainability of apparel manufacturing industry and image of the retail industry.

How to Calculate Lead Time of an Apparel Export Order

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In the apparel export business, garment exporters get lead time from the buyer’s end for shipping finished garment. Sometimes the buyer gives fixed lead time for their orders or buyer asks suppliers to decide the best possible lead time and they mutually agree on a date for shipment. Shipment lead time may vary depending on order volume and product line. This post covers what does lead time means to a supplier and how to calculate the lead time for an order.

4 Benefits of Inline Thread Cutting in Garment Factories

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In traditional production system, sewing operators used to stitch garments only, they are not used to trim thread tails after stitching. Stitched garments with threads are sent to finishing section and in finishing section helpers are employed for thread trimming. In recent years it is understood by many readymade garment manufacturers that thread trimming is a non-value added process and this process can be eliminated.

Computer Advancement for Quality Garments

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Fashion is on the cutting edge of technology. The garment industry has long recognized the benefits of blending tech and style to create clothing that is functional, stylish, versatile, and futuristic. Wearable technology is part-device and part-fashion. And, the future promises clothing that can power phones, doesn’t require regular washing, and is wrinkle-resistant and environmentally friendly. In order for the garment industry to keep up with technology, it must implement the right tools to create these cutting edge garments and stay relevant as society becomes more tech-driven.

What is ‘Thread Average’ and Who Gives Thread Average to a Merchandiser?

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In the apparel industry merchandisers often use this term. When they ask for thread average for a particular garment style (design), they wants to know how many yards of threads will be consumed during stitching one garment. What does thread average mean? See the definition below.

What is thread average?  Average meters (or yards) of sewing threads required for making one garment is known as thread average. This is including sewing thread wastage as thread tails at both ends of the seam and leftover threads on cones/tubes. Each apparel product has a different thread average. For example, a t-shirt may need 38 yards of thread and a jean need 223 yards of sewing thread (A&F Technical bulletin).

You know stitching threads are used to stitch garment components together. Being a readymade garment maker, you purchase stitching threads. How much thread would you purchase for your entire order? Would you buy any quantity of threads for your stitching order without knowing how much thread…

Garment Industry and Blogging

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This is totally a different topic than my regular posts. As you may already know OCS is a blog site and I am running this site for 5 years. Based on my observation I feel something is missing in garment industry. Garment and apparel business have not yet considered blogging platform as a marketing tool. In this post I will walk you through few things about blogging and business blogging. You will learn about blogging,  benefits of business blogging, content development, internet marketing, and why garment industry need blogging.


What is the Garment industry?
An industry that makes apparel products and fulfills consumers apparel needs. All kind of businesses such as suppliers or service providers to apparel supply chain are part of garment industry. This industry also named as fashion industry and textile industry. To name a few, garment manufacturers, garment retailers, online garment retailers, e-commerce businesses, raw material manufacturers and suppliers, service providers (texti…

Best Quality Cotton and Parameters Used in Measuring Cotton Quality

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An OCS reader asked these questions “I would like to know about (1) best quality of cotton and (2) which parameters affect on measurement of quality. (3) Which is best quality cotton for men and women underwear’s? (4) What is GSM? (5) What is Yarn? (6) Which factors should be considered for the selection of Cotton underwear garment?”

Benchmark Efficiency in the Apparel Industry

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An operation manager of a workwear manufacturing company shared production and efficiency data of his factory. (The guy doesn’t want to disclose his name and the company name). They use LEAN manufacturing methodology and single piece flow where each operator may use from 1 machine to 3 machines depending on value-added time of the process. This is an interesting case of a workwear clothing manufacturing company.

Lean Management Program and PMTS System

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This is a guest contribution from Charm Rammandala. Charm, a lean management expert, has shared his experience with apparel lean management programs using PMTS across South Asia.

Mainly there are two PMTS systems available for apparel industry at the moment in the market. Most famous among practitioners is of course GSD. The next option is SewEasy.

How to Develop Skill Matrix? (with Excel Template)

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In today's post I will show you how to prepare skill matrix template in spreadsheet and quickly retrieve the data when you needed. You might already know what the skill matrix is. If you don't know - read this post.

How to Calculate CM Produced by a Line in Dollar?

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An OCS reader asked me this question: Sometimes people ask me "how much CM (in USD) is achieved today in your factory". It seems confusing to me. Would you please tell me how can I calculate CM in daily basis? And why I need to calculate every day?

On daily basis you calculate line output. And you have the SAM for the style(s) you are making in the line. With these data you calculate how much SAM is produced by the line.

SAM Produced by line = (Line output * Style SAM) 
If you have this information, calculation of CM achieved by the line in dollar is an easy task. Read this post to know how.

Why to Measure Stitching Line Efficiency?

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Line efficiency is one of the common measures analysed by factories on daily and also one of the factory KPIs.

You might be measuring line efficiency and analyzing data on daily basis. Do you know why you should measure this?

There are many reasons for calculating line efficiency. Some of those are listed here
Why measure line efficiency?To compare actual line efficiency with the target efficiency of the factory To perform comparative study between stitching lines and floors (even product wise comparison) and motivate low performing lines. Production team and industrial engineers are responsible for maintaining line efficiency as well as average factory efficiency up to certain level. To know their line performance they can’t avoid measuring line efficiency.Actual direct labour cost is reverse proportional to average efficiency of a line. Labour cost can be reduced by increasing line efficiency. If factory measures its performance on daily or monthly, they can check how much they are…

Garment Maker's Key Performance Indicators: Why to measure & how to measure? (the Book)

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I am happy to share with you that the book Garment Maker's Key Performance Indicators {Why to measure & how to measure?} is published today.

This is the 4th book published by OCS under the educational book series for apparel industry professionals. This book is authored by me.


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