Garment Maker's KPI: Why Measure & How to Measure? (the Book)

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Book title: Garment Maker's Key Performance Indicators - Why Measure & How to Measure?

You can see the book cover page in the following image. 

I have publsihed the first version of this book in 2016. And the revised version was published in 2021. The book cover page is changed in the second version. Also updated the templates with this revised version.

This is the 4th book published by OCS under the educational book series for apparel industry professionals.

Garment factory KPI book

The Fact

Factory aims for the improvement in overall factory performance in terms of
  • Better efficiency and productivity
  • 100 percent acceptable quality,
  • Producing the garment at competitive cost and
  • Delivering the goods on time

At the same time factories like to know how different departments are performing in the factory.

Improvement does not come by expecting it; instead you have to do something for the improvement. You need to measure your current performance in different parameters. So by measuring KPIs you will have a clear idea where do you stand right now. Based on the data on different KPIs you can prepare plan of action for improving things.

In this book author has covered common key performance indicators (KPIs) measured by top tire readymade garment manufacturers. He has explained why you need to measure certain KPIs and the method to be used for measuring those KPIs. Data collection formats are provided for your practice and implementation.

Both newcomers and age-old business owners can find helpful guides in this book for measuring KPIs and data analysis.

This book is useful for production planner, industrial engineers, small size garment business owners, and those who are responsible for measuring factory KPIs.

You can download this book instantly by clicking on the 'Buy now' button

About the eBook

This is an eBook. You will get PDF format of the book plus excel template for calculating KPIs + Dashboard template.
Book size - A4
Number of pages:78

What you will get inside the book?

See the list of content of this book. It will give you an idea about list of things that are covered in the book.

List of Contents

0.     Introduction

1. Factory Level KPIs
1.1 Line Efficiency / Factory Efficiency
1.2 Man to Machine Ratio
1.3 Cut to Ship Ratio
1.4 Order to Ship Ratio
1.5 On Time Delivery rate
1.6 Right First Time Quality (RFT)
1.7 Quality Performance
1.8 Lost Time Percentage
1.9 Worker absenteeism rate
1.10 Employee Turnover Rate

2. KPIs for Cutting Department
2.1 Marker Efficiency
2.2 Fabric Utilization
2.3 Labour Cost per piece

3. KPIs for Sewing Department
3.1 Line Efficiency
3.2 Lost Time Percentage
3.3 Defects per Hundred Units (DHU)
3.4 Percentage Defective Level
3.5 Man to Machine Ratio
3.6 Labour Productivity
3.7 Style Changeover Time
3.8 Labour Cost per Minute

4. KPIs for Finishing Department
4.1 Right First Time Quality
4.2 DHU and Defective Percentage Level
4.3 Garment rejection rate
4.4 Labour Cost per minute

5. KPIs for Merchandising Department
5.1 On Time Sample Submission rate
5.2 On Time Shipment Delivery rate
5.3 Sample Hit Rate
5.4 Sample Rejection rate
5.5 On Time Enquiry Response Rate
5.6 On Time Production File Handover Rate

6. KPIs for Quality Control Department
6.1 Right First Time Quality
6.2 Defects per Hundred Units (DHU)
6.3 Percentage Defective Level
6.4 Shipment Failure rate

7. KPIs for Industrial Engineering Department
7.1 Labour Productivity
7.2 Machine Utilization
7.3 Lost Time Percentage
7.4 Individual Operator Efficiency
7.5 Actual Cost Vs Target Cost

8. KPI Dashboard
8.1 How to prepare KPI dashboard?
9. Conclusion
10. Question and Answer on KPI
11. About the author

Download the eBook now.
Read the introduction of the book.


In the twenty first century a lot of technology solutions are used by garment manufacturers. Still this industry is considered as an unorganized sector.
Many factories still don’t have a good system in place. Due to this, growth rate of such factories are slow.
All business owners want growth in the business. For that one needs to have a goal and clear roadmap for bringing the desired growth.

Garment manufacturing business is a complex one. The business growth depends on number of key factors. These key factors are called as key performance indicators.

In this scenario, factories need to develop tools for measuring performance of its departments. If you can’t measure it, you can’t improve it. To improve something you need to measure it.

Key Performance Indicators are used to measure performance on various parameters of the factory as well as individual department. Key performance indicators are simply known as KPIs. So to know about the factory’s current performance level, KPIs are very helpful. KPIs help factory to focus key areas where management needs to look into to meet company’s long term goals.
KPIs are quantifiable measurement and differ depending on the organization.

Managing and analyzing KPI takes time and energy, so it is necessary that ones are chosen to address the specific needs and objective of the company.

KPIs allow staffs and workers to envision what need to be done to improve factory performance.

In this book I will show you factory level KPIs and department wise KPIs and will explain all KPIs with examples.

I have written this book with one goal and it is to educate you and your team on measuring the common KPIs.

While you read this book, you will come across many technical terms those are commonly used in the garment industry. It is assumed that you are working in the garment industry and you already know the garment manufacturing process.

In this book I will cover major KPIs and explain methods for measuring those KPIs. I will tell you kind of information and data you need to capture and possible source of such information.

You don’t need any sophisticated tools or software to measure KPIs. Spreadsheets are enough for all data capturing and data analysis and calculating KPIs.

But yes, an ERP (Enterprise resource planning) or other IT (information technology) solutions are very useful for data capturing and data recoding. In depth analysis of data can done much faster with accuracy by using an ERP system.

Secondly, you don’t need an engineer to measure KPIs. Anybody with little computer knowledge can collect data (in desired format) and calculate KPIs in spreadsheet.

Do you found this interesting? 

Buying Options

Buy it now by clicking on the following button. You will get Free excel templates for calculating all the KPIs discussed in this book.

Check my other Books and publications

Prasanta Sarkar

Prasanta Sarkar is a textile engineer and a postgraduate in fashion technology from NIFT, New Delhi, India. He has authored 6 books in the field of garment manufacturing technology, garment business setup, and industrial engineering. He loves writing how-to guide articles in the fashion industry niche. He has been working in the apparel manufacturing industry since 2006. He has visited garment factories in many countries and implemented process improvement projects in numerous garment units in different continents including Asia, Europe, and South Africa. He is the founder and editor of the Online Clothing Study Blog.

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