I love formulas for mathematical calculations. Because a formula helps me get the result quicker and it specifically mentions all data I need to collect to find the result of the desired thing. In this post, I have shared 12 important garment production formulas for engineers.

In garment manufacturing, industrial engineers, production managers, and planners measure factory performance on a daily basis. Performances are measured using standard formulas. I guess you are already using such formulas for calculating performance.

Don't you think, it would be a good idea to have a poster of commonly used formulas in your workspace? A poster is a very useful tool for many reasons. I have made one poster for you and sharing it with you.

The following are the common formulas those are used by garment industry professionals.

### Formula#1: Calculating the daily production target of a line

*Daily Line Target = (Total shift hours X 60 X No. of operators in a line X Line Efficiency%)/Garment SAM*

Here is an example to understand this calculation.

Daily shift Hours of a factory = 8 Hours

Number of operators working in that line= 30 operators

Average Efficiency of that line: 60%

Garment SAM: 20 Minutes

Production target of this line (Daily) = (8 X 60 X 30 X60%)/20

=(480 x 30 x60) / (100 X20)

= 432 Pieces

### Formula#2: Operator-wise production target calculation

*Individual operator target = (Total working minutes in a day X Line Efficiency %)/Operation SAM*

In Formula #1, you have the formula for calculating the daily production target for a line.

But operators working in that line will be working on different operations and the SAM of those operations will be different.

So, you need to calculate individual operator targets as well based on Line efficiency and operation SAM.

Refer to this example for the calculation operator target for the specific line.

Factory shift: 8 Hours (480 Minutes)

Line efficiency = 60% (considering it is the same line in formula#1)

Operation SAM: 0.5 Minutes

Production target of that operator: (480 Minutes x 60%)/0.50

= (480 X 0.60)/0.5

= 576 Pieces per 8 hours per day.

In case you use operator performance level (efficiency%) and operation SAM and calculate the production target of that operator, the result is called the operator's production capacity.

Normally, an operator-wise target is not given based on the individual operators' performance, instead, it is calculated based on the line efficiency. See the below example of the operator's capacity.

Factory shift: 8 Hours (480 Minutes)

Operator efficiency = 80%

Operation SAM: 0.5 Minutes

Production capacity of that operator: (480 Minutes x 80%)/0.50

= (480 X 0.80)/0.5

= 768 Pieces per 8 hours per day.

Read more about the operator's target calculation.

### Formula#3: Calculating operator efficiency

Individual operator Efficiency% = (Units Produced X Operation SAM X 100)/Total minutes worked

When you develop the skill matrix for sewing operators you need to measure individual performance.

Secondly, if you plan to start a performance-based incentive scheme for the individual operator, measuring individual operator efficiency is essential.

Example:

Let's say you need to calculate the efficiency of an operator based on the last production day's data.

Operator Produced total unit: 500 pieces

SAM of the operation: 0.60 Minutes

The operator worked: 480 Minutes (full shift hours)

Operator Efficiency = ((500 x 0.60)/480 )X100

=(300/480)*100

=62.50%

### Formula#4: Line efficiency

*Line Efficiency% = (Line output X Garment SAM X 100)/(Number of operators X Minute worked in a day)*

Note: Include helpers and workers doing manual operations in case you have included SAM of those operations.

Example:

Line A produced 600 units (Style Z)

SAM of style Z is 20 Minutes

Attendance in Line A = 30 Operators

Shift Time: 8 Hours

Line Efficiency (Overall Efficiency%)= (600 x 20 x 100)/(30X8 x60)

= (1200000/14400)

= 83.33%

Here is another example of line efficiency calculation.

Note: include helpers and workers doing manual operations in case you have included SAM of those operations. See

an example of line efficiency calculation.
**Formula#5: Machine productivity**

*Machine Productivity: (Line output / No. of machine used in producing those garments) *

Machine productivity is measured in production per machine per shift day. In

this article, I have discussed more about machine productivity calculation with examples.

Example:

Considering Line A has production of 600 units.

Numer of sewing machines used: 27 Machines

Machine productivity:

= (600/27)

= 22.22 units per machine

**Formula#6:** Labour productivity

*Labor Productivity = Line output / No. of total manpower (operators +helpers)*

Example:

Considering Line-A has production of 600 units

Numer of sewing operators used: 30 and helpers 5. Therefore labor productivity

= (600/35)

= 17.14 units per labor

**Formula#7:**

Line WIP (work in process) = Total pieces lying on the line for a particular order line

WIP of the line of an order is equal to the total pieces loaded till date minus Total pieces out till date. The WIP calculation method and Excel report template are shown in

this post.

**Formula#8:**

Standard Time = (Observed time X observed rating) + Allowances

Allowances – Relaxation allowance, contingency allowance

**Formula#9:**
Machine utilization% = (Actual Machine running Time X 100) / Time available

**Formula#10:**

Cost per minute = Total cost incurred in labor / Total available working minute in a day X no. of labors

**Formula#11:**
Production Cost per unit = Total cost incurred in production in a day/ no. of garment produced in a day

**Formula#12:**
Man to Machine ratio = Total manpower of the factory / Total no. of sewing machines (utilized)

Learn more about

Man to Machine Ratio.

Poster Download:

12 useful performance measuring formulas (Click to enlarge the image and save the image file).

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**Note: **Our purpose is to provide you with correct information. Still, if you find any formula that is not correct you may comment in the below comment box.