Fabric Faults and Defects Found in Garments

The fabric is the main raw material for making garments. One must use quality fabric to make a quality garment. If you use a faulty fabric in a garment you will get a defective garment. Fabric defects are detected and faulty fabrics are marked during fabric checking process. Fabric checkers should know the common fabric faults and they must be able to recognize defects.

Let's learn what are the common faults found in greige fabric and processed fabric. Some of the most common fabric faults have been listed in following.

Abrasion Mark: A place in the fabric where the surface has been damaged due to friction or abnormally weakened by any operation through which it has been passed.

Misprint on fabric: In printed fabrics, either missed, or partially missed, or incorrectly positioned relative to each other.

Double Pick: Two yarns running simultaneously, mostly in the weft yarn.

Oil Stain: Oil mark on the fabric.

Hole: A breakage of yarns in the fabric involving more than two yarns.

Bow: When the weft yarns l in an arc across the width of the fabric.

Skew: Distortion in the construction of the fabric i.e. in the yarn that constitutes the fabric.

Crease: A fabric defect across the fabric width usually caused by a sharp fold.

Dye Stain: An area of discoloration due to uneven absorption of colorant.

Mis-pick: A pick/weft yarn not properly interlaced.

Slubs: An abruptly thickened place in a yarn.

Screen Out: The appearance of a colored separation line in a printed design.

Calendar Line: Sharp pressmark on fabric due to the calendar during the processing.

Contamination: Colored fibers with the warp or weft fibers.

Fabric inspection is considered one of the important processes in garment production. When the fabric is inspected, the fabric checker mark defects or faulty.

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