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Showing posts from January, 2011

Apparel Manufacturing - An Overview

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Apparel production, also known as garment production is a process where fabric is being converted into garments.  The term apparel production is basically used when garments are manufactured in a factory. Traditionally apparel manufacturing factories has been divided into two sectors as domestic and export.

A factory produces bulk quantity of garments for a style or design at a time. Prior to start production of an order factory needs to gone through some activities which is known as pre-production. Pre-production process includes sampling, costing, production planning, sourcing of raw material and production pattern making. Fabric cutting, printing, embroidery, sewing, thread trimming, washing, ironing, folding and packing are the production functions.

Sampling: Sampling is a process where factory develop garment samples according to buyer's specified design. This is also known as product development stage. Samples are required at various stages to get approval from buyer on a par…

Top Institutes for Fashion Design, Textile Design, Fashion Technology, Fashion Marketing and Merchandising

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Like other professional courses, fashion education is now a boom. More and more students are opting for their career in the Fashion Industry that includes fashion design, apparel manufacturing, apparel sourcing, merchandising, apparel retailing, textile designing and in other fields of the apparel supply chain.

If you are looking for full-time or part-time or distance courses on fashion study you can refer one of the following institutes.



Fashion Institutes in India
National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) Centers: Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, Ahmadabad, and More.Institute of Apparel Management (IAM) GurgaonPearl Academy of Fashion (PAF) Delhi, Jaipur, and ChennaiNorth Indian Institute of Fashion Technology (NIIFT) Mohali, PunjabApparel Training and Design Centre (ATDC)Inter National Institute of Fashion Design (INIFD)International Institute of Fashion Technology (IIFT)JD Institute of Fashion TechnologySatyam Fashion Institute, Noida School of Fashion Technology,…

Career in the Apparel Industry

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The apparel industry is one of the fast-growing industries in India. The apparel industry plays a vital role in the country's economy. Apparently one may seem that career in the fashion industry means fashion designing or costume designing. But the truth is that there are wide ranges of career opportunities in the apparel industry. Once you read this article you will surely find one of your most interesting career goals.


What is an apparel industry all about? In brief, the apparel industry makes clothes and clothing related products. Products include men's, women's and kid's garments including outerwear, innerwear, sleepwear, bathing suits and many other items, even make animal clothes. Other division produces home high fashion garment, home furnishing etc. Indian apparel industry produces clothes for domestic as well as international markets. The apparel industry consists of small, medium and large size companies. According to the company sizes, a total number of emplo…

The Role of Information Technology in Garment Industry

Today information technology (IT) becomes an integral part of the Garment Industry.
From employee attendance (clocking in)  to shipment dispatching is dependent on information technology.

Like service industries few departments of the garment industry are fully depended on IT or ERP. One recent case happened in one of my friends company, an MNC testing Lab. The server stopped performing due to some technical problem. What next, nobody able to do their job, it just became standstill. No new job can be created, no report can be viewed, no output. As a result workload piled up for everybody.

A Case Study of Garment Order Processing

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This is a story of an order that had been gone through various manufacturing processes. I had made this order three years ago but still, I can remember all issues I have faced with this order. 
Name of the style was Bangalore Tank. It was a simple tank top with the floral print on front panel and self-binding at neck and armholes. During its production, we faced numerous problems which are unforgettable to me.

100% organic cotton, 2/2 rib, 180 GSM fabric was used for the garment.

The front panel of the garment had allover print. So we planned for block cutting of front panels. Then printed panels would be reshaped. We got surprised when the fabric was layered on table and patterns were spread to check fabric consumption. Fabric consumption increased by 1.5 times. With the available fabric, only 60% of garments could be cut against the order quantity. We took permission from buying house for moving ahead with cutting with short quantity. 
We reordered fabric for the balance pieces.

The pri…

Articles on Garment Quality Management

Cutting Room Overview (Apparel Industry)

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Garment production starts with the cutting process. In this process, the fabric is being cut into components (shapes or patterns of different garment parts, i.e. front, back, sleeve, collar shapes etc.).

In mass production, multiple layers of fabrics are laid on a table and a large number of garments is being cut at a time. The laid fabric stack is called as lay. The cutting process includes a number of sub-processes and the flow of the processes is as follows. Each process is briefly explained in the following.



1. Pattern / Marker: According to the design and fit, patterns of different garment parts are made on the pattern paper and cut into pattern pieces. For manual marker, these pattern pieces are used for marker making. On the other hand in CAD system patterns are made in the computer. Later using a plotter marker are made on the sheet. In the second case the cutting department receive ready marker.

2. Cut ratio receiving: Prior to cutting, cutting department get a job sheet from…

Comparison between Progressive Bundle System and Unit Production System (UPS)

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In readymade garment manufacturing plants various types of sewing systems are installed. A plant owner chooses these systems depending on the production volume, product categories, and cost effectiveness of high tech machines. Among those “Progressive Bundle System” (PBS) is mostly installed sewing system till date. In this production system bundles of cut pieces (bundle of 5, 10, 20 or 30 pieces) are moved manually to feed the line. Then inside the line an operator himself drag the bundle from side table and transfer the bundle to the next operator after completion of the work.

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