Different types of mechanical and chemical finishes.
In this post, you will learn different type of textile finishes commonly used in textile industry. Finishing processes are divided into two classes.
- Physical or Mechanical finishes
- Chemical finishes
Under these two categories different kind of treatment is done. This post covers major textile finishing processes.
Physical or mechanical finishes
These types of finishing treatments include
- Setting and heat-setting
All these treatment will be further explained in the next post.
|Fabric Calender Machine. Image source: calenderingmachine.com|
Chemical finishes are of two types-
- Finishes obtained by deposition of chemicals such as starch china clay, oil, fats and waxes, synthetic resins, rubber latex, cellulose acetate, cellulose ethers, optical bleaching agents and so on.
- Finishes obtained by chemical reactions with fibre. These includes-
- Wrinkle free
- Wash & wear
- Durable press
- Flame retardant
- Deodorant & Antimicrobial
- Ultraviolet Protection
- Enzymes washing
In the following post, all these treatment and finished will be explained. Follow OCS updates.
Also Read: Textile Finishes – An Introduction