How to Decide Better Fabrics against Particular GSM

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Selecting fabrics based on fabric GSM.

This question is asked by one of the OCS readers. The answer of the question is not clearly provided in this post but I have explained what all things you need to look at to choose the right fabric.

GSM is weight of fabric per square meter area in grams.

Here what do you mean by better fabric? The ‘Better’ factor varies product to product. Better in terms of what? - Comfort, or hand feel, look of the fabric or its texture or durability? All these better factors may not be directly related with the fabric GSM.

Knits fabric

So first you need to define your product category and product design. You also need to decide your customer segment. I assume that you have decided your product. Assume that it is cotton knits product. Now let discuss on the question about selecting best fabric in same GSM.

What GSM to use for your product?

It depends on the requirement end users. Secondly, what thickness of fabric you are going to use for your design? Sometimes you may be required light weight fabric for summer clothing (Single jersey tee) and sometimes you will be need thicker and heavy gsm clothing like sweat shirt.

As GSM represent weight of the fabric per square meter in grams,
  • Lower the GSM lighter the fabric and 
  • Higher the GSM heavier the fabric is. 

While gsm of the fabric increases fabric cost per garment also increased as weight of the cotton per garment increases.

It would be difficult to decide a better fabric based on the fabric GSM without having end product and usage of the product (garment).

In a particular GSM, fabric quality depends on fibre content, yarn counts and fabric construction (i.e. EPI and PPI). Again what construction of fabric to be used for the particular GSM depends on end use of the product?
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Online Clothing Study: How to Decide Better Fabrics against Particular GSM
How to Decide Better Fabrics against Particular GSM
Selecting fabrics based on fabric GSM.
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