How to Calculate GSM of Fabric?

Fabric GSM stands for fabric weight in grams per square meter. One can determine GSM for woven and knitted fabric using following methods.

By means of instruments:

Apparatus required

i) Round GSM cutter and
ii) Weighing Balance.

Method: Cut 5 swatches from different place of the fabric. Weight all test swatches accurately and calculate average weight of swatches.

Multiply average weight of swatches by 100 to calculate GSM of the sample fabric. (Normally, area of round GSM cutter is 1/100 square meters.)

By using Formula:

GSM Cutter
GSM Cutter
image courtesy:  
No need to worry  if you don’t have a round GSM cutter. You can still measure fabric weight per square meter by using following formula. 

Prasanta Sarkar is a garment industry expert and founder of Online Clothing Study. He is a NIFT alumni and a Textile Engineer. He worked as Production Planner, Industrial Engineer in garment export house. He also worked as a consultant in the garment manufacturing industry. He helps garment businesses to grow. He regularly writes articles for fashion magazines on technical topics.