Stitching Machines used in Making Kurtis, Salwar Kameez, Ladies Suits in Small Scales Businesses

Kurtis and ladies suits are very common apparel products in women wear. Many boutiques are doing their business on making custom made kurtis, churidar, ladies suits. Even they get lot of alteration work from local customers. Custom-made ladies apparel manufacturing and alterations work are one of the good small scale businesses in small cities and metros.

You might have a plan to set up a factory for manufacturing Kurtis. Or similar product ranges like salwar kameez, ladies tops and Ladies suits manufacturing. Instead of making just custom-made products you can start mass production with a couple of stitching machines.

This article covers different types of sewing machines required to make plain Kurtis and tops.

There are wide ranges of sewing machines available for making apparel products. But for making Kurti, Salwar Kameez, and ladies suit you do not need all those different types of machines. You will be needed just 2-3 types of stitching machines for a small set up.

With the other business know-how, you need to know different types of stitching machines to be purchased for your project. Whether it is for a home sewing machine or industrial sewing machine - types of machines remain the same.

So what stitching machines do you need to buy?

1. Lock stitch sewing machines

Lock stitch machines are available with different features. You can either buy an industrial single needle lock stitch machine or paddle driven lock stitch machines (blackhead machines). For small boutiques, pedal-operated sewing machines are okay at low budget.

Industrial sewing machines are the high-speed machine with a clutch motor or servo motor.

Now black head lock stitch sewing machines are also available with a motor device. So you can you run your machine by pedal as well as by motor.
Industrial lock stitch machine

Black head lock stitch machine  (image courtesy:

For mass production, you should prefer high-speed industrial sewing machines.
The price range of industrial single needle lock stitch machine at price  ₹10,000 - ₹25,000/-
Price of Blackhead sewing machines are ₹ 3000-5000/-

Use of lock stitch machine: Most of the stitching operations in Kurtis are done by lock stitch machine. For example, in operations like attaching laces, neck finish, neck binding, side slit making and side slit finish, making front opening, dart making, and bottom and sleeve hemming are done by lock stitch machine. Also kaccha selai (stay stitch) is done by lock stitch machine.

Even the side seam and underarm are sewn by a lock stitch with overedge stitch to secure the seam.

2. Over lock sewing machine (also known as interlock machine):

Similar to lock stitch machines, overlock machines are also available in home sewing and industrial sewing version.
Overlock machine (image courtesy:

This machine is used for edge stitching and giving the edges clean finish. Operations like underarm, side seam, armhole and shoulder joining are done by using over lock machine.

3. Other Sewing Machines:

These two machines are not the complete machine list. There are many different types of sewing machines that are used design needs.

Button stitch machines and button holing machine – if the design has buttons these machines are used.

Bar Tack machine – if you need to secure and reinforce seams bar tack machine is used.

Multi-needle lock stitch machine – For making pin tucks in the panels this machine is used to improve stitch quality and production speed.

In case you are a newcomer, see following examples of lock stitches and overlock stitches.

Image for Lock stitches 
Image overlock stitches 

Prasanta Sarkar

Prasanta Sarkar is a textile engineer and a postgraduate in fashion technology from NIFT, New Delhi, India. He has authored 6 books in the field of garment manufacturing technology, garment business setup, and industrial engineering. He loves writing how-to guide articles in the fashion industry niche. He has been working in the apparel manufacturing industry since 2006. He has visited garment factories in many countries and implemented process improvement projects in numerous garment units in different continents including Asia, Europe, and South Africa. He is the founder and editor of the Online Clothing Study Blog.

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