apparel merchandising, interview questions and answers.

In last few days I have received mails from some of the OCS readers, who asked me for questions for merchandising interview preparation. This post is just to guide them what kind of questions probably they would be asked by interviewers. And to provide them an overview what all things they need to know as a merchandiser.

I have spent many hours to prepare this question set in past. Most of these questions are related to merchandising job profile and are set based on my personal work experience. Some of the questions are taken from question paper sets by fashion institutes.

Following questions are not only for job seekers but being an experienced merchandiser, you can also test your knowledge by answering following questions. I will publish answers of these question in next week. So keep visiting or subscribe our post to get notification for the answer set. (Answer Sheet)

1.       The size ratio of an order of 900 pieces is XS:S:M:L:XL::1:2:3:2:1. According to this ratio average fabric consumption for the style was 1.2 meters. Every size increase, increases the consumption by 10 cm. Due some reason buyer dropped the Size XS and keeps the order quantity same. New size ratio is S:M:L:XL::2:3:3:1. What will be the new average fabric consumption?
a.       1.25 meters
b.      1.20 meters
c.       1.23 meters
d.      1.30 meters

2.       Suppose an order of 6000 pieces have four different size ratios as following. Arrange them in descending order average consumption?
a.       S:M:L:XL:: 1:2:2:1
b.      XS:S:M:L:: 1:1:2:2
c.       XS:S:M:L:: 1:2:2:1
d.      S:M:L:XL:: 2:2:1:1

3.       A shipment is passed with 2.5 AQL by a buyer QA. Suppose after receiving the shipment buyer do re-inspection of the same shipment at their warehouse. What will be the %defective in this inspection?
a.       Less than 2.5%
b.      More than 2.5%
c.       Exactly 2.5%
d.      Could be more or less than 2.5%

4.       Suppose the average ratio of FOB factors are Fabric:Print&Emb:CMT:Overhead:Margin ::12:1:3:1:3. FOB of order is Rs. 400.00. Suddenly, fabric price is hiked by 5% and all other costs remain same. Once FOB is finalized you cannot change it. In this situation what will be the reduction in margin for this order?
a.       10%
b.      20%
c.       30%
d.      50%

5.       Match the following left column to right column

 a)      Cutting i)                    Size grading b)      Sampling ii)                   TOP sample c)       Finishing iii)                 Pre production meeting d)      Sewing iv)                 Bundling e)      Merchandising v)                  Spotting

6.       The finishing manager can’t able to decide whether he will pack the altered pieces or not and he had shorted the garment according to the problems. He asks for decision on following issues from the merchant before handing over the shipment for inspection. Which garment you will permit to add into shipment?
a.       Garments  with shade variation at sleeve and body
b.      Garments with visible mending work
c.       Garments with extra length
d.      None of the above

7.       Color fastness to washing is rated on a scale of   -----  to -------
a.       0 to 10
b.      1 to 10
c.       -5 to 5
d.      1 to 5

8.       Lower the ‘color fastness to wash’ rating, better is the performance.
a.       True
b.      False

9.       What is the full form of AQL,
a.       Acceptable Qualification Level
b.      Acceptable Quality level
c.       Acceptable Quantity level

10.   What does CPM stand for? _________________
a.       Critical Path Method
b.      Crucial Path Method
c.       Common Proposed Method

11.   Which one of the following paths determines the overall duration of a project in CPM:
a.       Longest Path
b.      Shortest Path
c.       Both together

12.   If we have two follow-ups at hand, which of the path’s tasks should be completed on priority:
a.       Task on the Shortest Path
b.      Task on the Longest Path
c.       Task which is having major problem

13.   Sewing thread of 50 TKT is thicker than 120 TKT.
a.       True
b.      False

14.   Fabric (knits) consumption increases when the GSM of the fabric increases.
a.       True
b.      False

15.   If the fabric (woven) width increases from the planned width (while ordering), we could _________ actual fabric consumption
a.       Increase
b.      Decrease
c.       Not be affected

16.   Color fastness to washing test is being done during ______________
a.       GPT
b.      FPT
c.       In both stage
d.      None of the above stages

17.   An Industrial Engineering Department cannot help in garment CM costing more accurately.
a.       True
b.      False

18.   A better time and action calendar (TNA) can result a better control of processes
a.       True
b.      False

19.   What is the full form of SMV?
a.       Sewing Minute Value
b.      Standard Minute Value
c.       Sewing Minute Verified

20.   If you book orders more than the factory capacity, then the manufacturing costs are likely to:
a.       Increase
b.      Decrease
c.       Remain unaffected

21.   Fabric shrinkage testing gives equivalent results as that of garment shrinkage testing.
a.       True
b.      False

22.   In which sample, does the Buyer confirms the workmanship details:
a.       Proto Sample
b.      Fit Sample
c.       PP Sample
d.      TOP Sample

23.   The grain line on the garment pattern denotes weft of the fabric
a.       True
b.      False

24.    The average consumption of fabric in washed garment should be _____________   as compared to non-washed same garment?
a.       Higher
b.      Lower

25.   4 point system of inspection is used to inspect woven garments?
a.       True
b.      False

26.   A bar graph that organizes data in descending order is called     _____________   Chart.
a.       Bar Chart
b.      Pareto Chart
c.       Trend Chart
d.      Histogram

27.
The following wash care instruction, denotes _________
a.       Do not Machine Wash
b.      Do not Dry-clean
c.       Do not Bleach

28.   The following wash care instruction denotes _________
a.       Machine Wash
b.      Tumble Dry
c.       Bleach

29.   If the Estimated Average at the time of fabric ordering is greater than actual production average, which of the following would be true:
a.       Extra fabric than required, would be ordered
b.      Relatively higher price would be quoted to the Buyer
c.       Both of the above are true

30.    If a fabric lot is having 20 penalty points in 100 square yds, the fabric would be ___________
a.       Accepted
b.      Rejected

31.   What is Fabric Dead Stock?
a.       Fabric waste in cutting department
b.      Stock of fabric  remaining after style completion
c.       Stock of defective and hold fabric in fabric department

32.   ‘Lbs’ is unit of measurement for ________________
a.       Length
b.      Weight
c.       Volume

33.   What do you understand by D.H.U?
a.       Defective per Hundred Unit
b.      Defects Per Hundred Unit
c.       Defective per hundred users

34.   How can we control the performance of our vendors?
a.       Maintain data for quality and timeliness for vendors
b.      Debiting vendors for defective units
c.       Telling them to improve
d.      By negotiating for the best price
e.      Maintain data for quality, timeliness and price for vendors, improving vendor performance, through data analysis

35.   Buyers prefer extra shipping quantity as per original size ratio
a.       True
b.      False

36.   Blister packing can be made with
a.       Mix of color
b.      Mix of sizes
c.       Mix of colors and sizes
d.      All of the above options

37.   Productivity of a factory can be expressed in terms of :
a.       Pieces/machine per day
b.      Pieces/hour per person
c.       Pieces/man-hour
d.      All of the above

38.   When a light print is needed on a dark base color with smother hand feel. Which printing option is mostly used?
b.      Discharge print
c.       Pigment print

39.   In Burnt-out printing, which of the following fiber is burnt in the printing process?
a.       Polyester
b.      Cotton

40.   1 gross button is equal to ----------------------- buttons
a.       140
b.      40
c.       144

41.   Generally shipping department calculates volumetric weight of the packed goods (cartons) for shipping agents. What is the formula for calculating volumetric weight?
a.       Total volume of cartons / Total weight
b.      Total volume of cartons / 6000
c.       Total volume of cartons / 1000

42.   If the fabric is having high width variation in the same shade lots, the production average is likely to:
a.       Increase
b.      Decrease
c.       Remain same

43.   The unit of measure for the ‘size’ of button is:
a.       Cm
b.      Inch
c.       Ligne

44.   Efficiency of a sewing line is calculated as follows:
a.       Actual output/ Target output
b.      Target output/ Actual Output

45.   The problem of pilling is normally in knit garments-
a.       True
b.      False

46.   Give the full form of the following terms:

a)      FPT______________
b)      GPT_______________
c)       CIF _______________
d)      LC______________________
e)      SKU______________
f)       DTM stands for __________________
g)      CPL stands for _________________

47.   To Sew a Knits Tee which among the following machine is not required
a)     Flat lock Machine
b)      Over lock Machine
c)       Feed of the arm
d)      Single needle lock stitch

48.   Which is not a summer color

a)      Pink
b)      White
c)       Lemon
d)      Black

49.   Mark the odd one out :
a)      Satin
b)      Silk
c)       Cotton
d)      Nylon

50.   The preferred color for baby girl is :
a)      Pink
b)      Black
c)       Blue
d)      Orange

You can share, how many questions you can answer in the following comment box. If need any clarification for any of the above question you can write it in the comment box.

Find answers of the above questions here

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Online Clothing Study: 50 Short Questions for Merchandisers: Test Yourself where do You Stand
50 Short Questions for Merchandisers: Test Yourself where do You Stand
apparel merchandising, interview questions and answers.
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