In a garment factory, production manager’s day starts with production reports. Production manager ...
- How many garments are made last production day by each line? Compare actual production with production target given to the floor in-charge and line supervisors.
- What were the issues for low productions? Why too much quality issues?
- Who is responsible for not achieving yesterday’s target?
In this industry, line supervisors are very smart to tell you numbers to show good line performance and hide their shortfall. So, instead of discussion and verbal reports most of the managers believe on written and printed reports.
To know factory’s day to day performance very well what all production and production related reports must be made and reported to higher management? Each factory has their own set of policies and system to run their factory. So, list of production reports may vary company to company.
There are few common reports; those are widely used and are very important to know your business well. In this article, I have listed down such reports and explained the purpose of those reports. All reports are related to production. Few reports are information based and others are analysis and performance based.
See also: MIS Formats used in Garment Manufacturing
#1. Operator Attendance Report:
This report explains how many sewing operators; helpers are present today in each line. From this report managers quickly assess, what would be today’s production target. Which lines have shortage of operators and where there are enough operators and from where some operators can be shifted to another line to fill all lines and run production smoothly? Operator attendance report is an important one to floor in-charge. Yesterday’s operator’s clock-in and clock out report is also important to see whether all operators worked full time or not.
#2. Daily Production Report (DPR):
Daily Production Report contains yesterday’s production records line wise and style wise. Production information in term of –
- How many cutting has been loaded to each line yesterday and total loading done to a particular from loading of the style?
- How many pieces has been stitched yesterday and cumulative production till-date of all styles those are currently loaded.
- How many pieces have been dispatched to finishing or washing department?
- Form daily production report managers can assess, whether a line is producing as per target or production is getting delayed.
|Daily Production Report. Click on the image to enlarge.|
#3. Hourly Production Report:
This report carries information of today’s hourly production. In this report line’s output is being updated hourly or bi-hourly. This report helps line supervisors to chase operators when line output goes down. Where production data is recorded manually, only line output data is captured and displayed on production board. But factories those use real time production monitoring system, operator wise /operation wise hourly production data can be viewed. I have shown one such report for example in the following image.
|Hourly production Report. Click on the image to enlarge.|
#4. Efficiency and Productivity Report:
The daily production report provides actual output numbers of each line and each style. Line output is directly proportional to number of manpower in a line. If you have two different styles (of different work content) running in two lines, performance of those line can’t be compared with output figures. The easy way to check line’s performance is measuring line efficiency and machine productivity irrespective of styles, number of manpower and number of machine used.
#5. Manpower and Machine utilization Report:
Manpower and machines are primary resources of a company. A Manager need to look into resources to check how company resources are get utilized? Factory should not have excess manpower on the floor. On the other hand factory must have minimum required manpower to a factory to produce goods according to the plan. Both the manpower and machines are cost to the company. So it is import to check this report daily basis.
This report may also include number of employees who were present in overtime work hours?
#6. Garment Inspection Report:
Inspection report comes under quality report. But garment inspection report is also one important report for production manager and top management to monitor stitching quality of products. As all produced garments are not acceptable if certain quality level is not maintained. It is production department’s responsibility to produce quality product. Inspection report displays line wise defects per hundred units (DHU) and percentage defective data, total pieces send for alteration/repair.
#7. Repair and Rejection Report:
This report contains information such as – style wise and color wise defective garments produced by lines. Defect wise no. of garments is sent to repair section and number of garment received from repair section after alteration. This information is essential because in case you have number of damaged or rejected garments, you can cut and sew fresh garments and replace those damaged garments prior to final inspection.
#8. Cutting Production Report:
Cutting department’s production status is also an important report to be looked into by production manager. Style wise and color wise cut quantity is checked. Sewing line can be fed with cuttings only when there is enough cutting in cutting store. Looking into cutting plan what all fabrics are going to cut today for following day’s feeding?
#9. Material Inventory Report:
Once status of production, efficiency, and quality report part is over, managers looked into material availability status. You know that materials are the one major reason for shipment delay and breaking the production schedule. This report carries information such as fabric and trims in-house status in details with expected in house date for balance materials. Managers chase with merchandising and sourcing department for sourcing material on time.