Standard Measuring Positions for Apparel Products and Measurements Inspection Procedure

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This guest post is by Todor Stojanov

The usage of Standard Measuring Positions is very important during the measurements inspection procedure because it will ensure avoiding of many mistakes and misunderstandings between suppliers and customers (buyers)
The most of the faults that appear in the measurements inspection process are result of the suppliers and customers using different measuring positions, which will implicate giving different measuring results at both sides. In order to avoid this kind of problems, suppliers and customers need to use same standard measuring positions.

The Standard Measuring Positions are graphically presented on figures 1, 2 and 3. The measuring positions are marked with letter symbols and every symbol is additionally explained.
Figure 1. Sketch of standard measuring positions for a. blazer men/boys, b. waistcoat men/boys


Table-1: Code Definitions for the Standard Measuring Positions for Blazer Men/Boys
A4
½ Chest
Measure flat, straight across front of garment 1"/2,5 cm down from lowest point of armhole from edge to edge.
Dist.A8
Waist Height Front from HPS
Define distance straight down from HPS
A8
½ Waist
Define distance straight down from HPS and measure flat, straight across garment from edge to edge.
A13
Shoulder Length
Measure along natural shoulder the distance from HPS to highest point of armhole excluding trims.
B1
Across Shoulder
Measure flat, straight across front from highest point of armhole to highest point of armhole.
B6
Centre Back Length
Measure straight down from centre back neckline point to bottom of garment.
C9
½ Sleeve Opening
Measure flat, straight across finished edge of sleeve from edge to edge.
C12
Sleeve Length from Shoulder
Measure along folded edge of sleeve from highest point of armhole to bottom of sleeve, including cuff.



Table 2: Code Definitions for the Standard Measuring Positions for Waistcoat Men/Boys
A4
½ Chest
Measure flat, straight across front of garment 1"/2,5 cm down from lowest point of armhole from edge to edge.
Dist.A8
Waist Height Front from HPS
Define distance straight down from HPS
A8
½ Waist
Define distance straight down from HPS and measure flat, straight across garment from edge to edge
A13
Shoulder Length
Measure along natural shoulder the distance from HPS to highest point of armhole excluding trims.
B1
Across Shoulder
Measure flat, straight across front from highest point of armhole to highest point of armhole.
B6
Centre Back Length
Measure straight down from centre back neckline point to bottom of garment.
C4
Armhole Straight
Place front armhole curved and measure the straight line between highest and lowest point of armhole.
D2
Neck Width Inside
Measure flat, straight across neck opening from edge to edge excluding trimming or piping.


Figure 2. Sketch of standard measuring positions for shirts

Table 3: Code Definitions for the Standard Measuring Positions for Shirts
A4
½ Chest
Measure flat, straight across front of garment 1"/2,5 cm down from lowest point of armhole from edge to edge.
Dist.A8
Waist Height Front from HPS
Define distance straight down from HPS
A8
½ Waist
Define distance straight down from HPS and measure flat, straight across garment from edge to edge
A13
Shoulder Length
Measure along natural shoulder the distance from HPS to highest point of armhole excluding trims.
B6
Centre Back Length
Measure straight down from centre back neckline point to bottom of garment.
C10
Total Cuff Opening
Take measurement with cuff open and measure flat and straight from centre of button to end of buttonhole.
For a double cuff / French style cuff opening, measure flat and straight from end of buttonhole to end of buttonhole.
C12
Sleeve Length from Shoulder
Measure along folded edge of sleeve from highest point of armhole to bottom of sleeve, including cuff.
C20
½ Upper Arm
Measure flat, straight across sleeve 1 cm down from lowest point of armhole parallel to sleeve/cuff opening from edge to edge.
D5
Collar Stand Opening
Measure straight along collar stand from centre of button to end of buttonhole.

Figure 3: Sketch of standard measuring positions for Jeans, Trousers/ Casual Trousers

Table 4: Code Definitions for the Standard Measuring Positions for Jeans Trousers/Casual Trousers
H1
½ Waist
Place top edges even at waist and measure along the top edge following the shape of waistband.
Dist.H10
Low Hip Below Waistband
Define distance straight down below waistband.
H10
½ Low Hip
Define distance down from waistband seam at centre front and at side edges. Measure hip by pivoting tape between these three defined points, waist is lying naturally.
Dist.H11
Low Hip from Top of Waist
Define distance straight down from top of waist
H11
½ Low Hip
Define distance down from top of waist at centre front and at side edges. Measure hip by pivoting tape between these three defined points, waist is lying naturally.
I1
Front Rise Below Waistband
Measure down from waistband seam following curve of front rise seam to crotch seam.
I2
Front Rise from Top of Waist
Measure down from top of waist of garment following curve of front rise seam to crotch seam.
I3
Back Rise Below Waistband
Measure down from waistband seam following curve of back rise seam to crotch seam.
I4
Back Rise from Top of Waist
Measure down from top of waist of garment following curve of back rise seam to crotch seam.
J1
½ Thigh
Measure flat, straight across front leg at lowest point of rise seam from edge to edge parallel to the leg opening.
J3
Inseam
Measure down from rise crotch seam to bottom of garment, following curve of inseam.
J6
½ Leg Opening
Measure flat, straight across at bottom of garment from edge to edge.


The same standard measuring positions should be used by all of the sides involved in the apparel supply chain process and during all the stadiums of production, starting from product development, first sample approval, size set approval till the final QC inspection of the finished goods.

What if during the final inspection of the finished order we detect measurements that are out of tolerance?

In addition, the Measurements Inspection Procedure for finished goods is presented. The table on figure 4 can be used.
Figure 4. Measurements Inspection Table

Measurements Inspection Procedure:


  1. Specify the name of the QC inspector, date of the inspection and supplier name. 
  2. Specify the order number, color, quantity and delivery date.
  3. Specify the sizes that need to be measured, the code (symbol) for every measuring position and measurement in cm (inch).
  4. Specify the tolerance limit for every measurement.
  5. When going do the measuring, use 12 fields (3 rows and 4 columns) for every size (see Fig.4).
  6. Measure the first 4 pieces and if the measurement is correct than mark with √ into the empty field, but if the measurement is bigger or smaller, than mark +/- to show how many cm is the difference than the required one.
  7. If there is no measurements out of tolerance, than continue with the next size, but if there are measurements out of tolerance, than measure another 4 pieces from the same size. If there are more pieces with measurements out of tolerance, than repeat the same procedure third time. If there are still peaces with measurements out of tolerance, than after the third time the order needs to be blocked and repaired.
  8. The problem should be explained in the field for comments and the possible problem solving solution should be proposed. Until the next inspection, the sign FAIL in the report needs to be marked. 


Note: If needed, I can provide the Standard Measuring Positions for other types of apparel products.

About the Author

Todor Stojanov has a Bachelor Degree in Textile Engineering, and Master Degree in Quality Management. He has 4 years of working experience for C&A Quality Assurance department in Macedonia and now he is working for Zara-Man merchandise department in Shanghai- China.
He lives in Shanghai -China for two and a half years and is doing his PhD degree in Fashion design and engineering at Dong Hua University.
He loves to exchange some experience with a professionals in the textile and apparel area. Get more from Todor in Google+

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Online Clothing Study: Standard Measuring Positions for Apparel Products and Measurements Inspection Procedure
Standard Measuring Positions for Apparel Products and Measurements Inspection Procedure
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