How to calculate Basic Pitch Time, UCL and LCL?


Operation Pitch Time calculation

Question: How to calculate Basic Pitch Time (BPT), Upper control limit (UCL) and Lower control limit (LCL) that is used in initial line balancing? ... asked by Samana

OCS's Answer:
Basic Pitch Time= (Total Basic minutes of a garment/ Total Number operations)

Where,  Basic minutes for the garment can be calculated using following formula.

Total Basic minutes = Sum of basic minutes of each operation
Total Basic minutes = SAM(1 - Allowance%)

Generally an Operation Bulletin includes one column for calculated machine requirement and another column for actual machine requirement. Calculated machine, which is calculated requirement mostly come in fraction. See diagram-1. But in practical you can't assign fraction of a machine. Secondly you have to allocate correct number of machines to get output as per hourly target. Where work content is high (greater than Pitch) you plan for more that one machine for the same operation. When do you add one machine more and share work with other operation (machine) depends on work content and it is decided by Upper and Lower control limits.

 Diagram -1: Operation Bulletin with Pitch time, UCL and LCL

Upper limit is calculated by adding 10% to 15% of the basic pitch time and minus 10-15% to calculate lower limit. Standard limit is +/-10%. In the following diagram, UCL and LCL have been drawn considering +/- 15% of Pitch time. In the following diagram -2, Pitch diagram is drown with operation time, Pitch, UCL and LCL. Blue line shows basic time in seconds. When Blue line remain within UCL and LCL i.e. +/- 15% limit, one machine is considered for those operations. When basic time of an operation is above upper limit 2 machines will be assigned for that operation, e.g. attach sleeve, sew side seam with label and sew sleeve hem.

Diagram -2:


5S,3,Activewear,1,Apparel ERP,1,apparel industry,57,apparel news,34,Apparel Production,31,Apparel Software,17,Bamboo Fabric,1,Bangladesh,2,Blogs,1,Books,31,Business Guides,9,Buyer,1,Buying House,4,CAD/CAM,1,Calculation & Formula,1,career,34,Change Management,1,Clothing,2,Clothing Brand,3,Compliance,3,Consumption,4,Costing,11,Cutting,20,Denim,3,Directory,3,Dyeing,1,eCommerce,2,Education,5,Event & Fair,14,Fabric,73,Fashion,5,Fashion Business,41,Fashion Design,3,Fashion Show,2,Fiber,2,Finishing,10,Garment Exporters,1,Garmenting,2,Gartex,1,GSM,1,Guest Post,8,Human Resource,2,Industrial Engineering,214,Infographic,5,Knitting,4,KPI,7,Kurti,1,Lean,27,Line layout,4,Machines,32,Manufacturing,53,Merchandising,105,MIS,24,MISC,22,Operation bulletin,14,Operator,1,Operator Training,1,Performance rating,1,PLM,3,Printing & Embroidery,11,Problem Solving,1,Production Planning,27,Project Report,1,QNA,122,Quality,61,Quality manual,2,Quality system,14,Research project,1,Resources,43,Retailing,4,Salary & Wages,7,Sampling,22,Scheduling,3,Sourcing,8,Spec Sheet,9,Sportswear,4,Stitching,3,Store,2,Stretch fabric,1,Student corner,1,sustainable clothing,7,T-shirt,3,Tailor,1,Tailoring Shop,2,Technology,59,Texprocess,1,Textile processing,11,Textile testing,23,Textiles,42,Threads,1,Towel,1,Trims & Accessories,15,videos,12,Waste,1,Work Study,38,Yoga wear,1,
Online Clothing Study: How to calculate Basic Pitch Time, UCL and LCL?
How to calculate Basic Pitch Time, UCL and LCL?
Operation Pitch Time calculation
Online Clothing Study
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy