Garment Zoning for the Inspection of Visual Defects

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Visual defects are categorized as Major, Minor and Critical defects. In some cases, a major defect can be considered as minor based on the location of the defect in a garment. This location is called as zone. Zoning is done for fair evaluation of the garment during visual audit. A garment can be divided up to 3 zones, like A, B and C. How many zones a garment would have are depends on products and end use of the garment.  Following zoning and marking defects accordingly (only major and minor defects are considered) inspector prepares audit report.  So it is important to divide garment into sections and mark defects accordingly. For example, poor press at center front (zone - A) of a shirt is considered as major defect but if poor press is detected in back bottom (Zone-B) of the same garment it is considered as minor defect. You should be aware that defects that falls under B and C zones are not always considered as minor defects.

Most of the cases apparel buyers provide garment figures with marking zones in their quality manual. And provide a list of defects that fall under major or minor categories. In the following figure (source: Gap Inc.) a knitted top has been shown with zones A and B. At the front sleeves and upper front is considered as zone ‘A’ and lower front considered as zone ‘B’. On the back of the garment, under arms and back bottom is considered as zone ‘B’
Figure:1

Like the above example, each product can be divided into zones and set standards for defects which all will fall under major and minor defect categories.

Zones of a Bottom


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Online Clothing Study: Garment Zoning for the Inspection of Visual Defects
Garment Zoning for the Inspection of Visual Defects
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