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Showing posts from May, 2018

Buying Behavior of the Apparel Brands and Apparel Retailers in 2018

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Our guest author Charm Rammandala has discussed on Shifting of the Buying Behavior of the Apparel Brands and Apparel Retailers in 2018

The most welcome news for apparel manufactures this week was, Macy’s, the largest US departmental store by the sales revenue and Walmart, the world’s largest retailer, posted profits. This is welcome news not only for the brick and mortar stores but the manufacturing companies' world over. While online clothing sales keep rising, it is great news for apparel manufacturers to see that traditional stores also in the game. More sales mean more orders for the manufacturers.

Over the past few years, one of the most notable development was the rise of E-commerce. As we know, it is having a major impact on the global market. Apparel is at the forefront of this trend. All major brands, retailers as well as many thousands of lesser know brands are offering their products to the customers in various online websites and platforms.

Traditionally, most of th…

How to Make WIP Report in Garment Production?

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In the recent past, I developed one WIP report for one garment factory. The factory is making high fashion dresses for the international market. To make such kind of products factory needs to involve a lot of manpower in hand-repairing process. Inside the repair section, there are multiple sub-processes. Hand-repair, checking of the repaired pieces, alteration of the hand-repaired piece, checking of the altered-hand-repaired pieces.

In such production environment, the factory required process-wise /sub-process wise WIP report data for managing daily production and keeping the cost per garment under control.

Factory keeps a manual record for each piece- who made the hand-repair, at what time the piece was issued to repair-man and when the repair is completed by the repair-man. But from that record, they do not get WIP data at different processes at any moment. 
I need to make one WIP report for them and replace the manual data recording of each piece. While discussing with the manager…

Quality Control Checklist for Apparel Product Sourcing

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The quality control checklist should be used while the shipment inspection is done by auditor and quality inspector. In the apparel manufacturing, checking of raw materials, semi-stitched garments, stitched garments, and finished garments is done by internal quality assurance team. The manufacturer aims to pack the quality garments for shipping. But as a buyer, one should not completely trust the manufacturer’s inspection report. Therefore, buyer’s QA representative needs to do the shipment inspection after complete shipment is packed by the supplier factory.



As a buyer or quality assurance personnel or shipment auditor, you need to follow a quality control checklist for ensuring everything is covered during the inspection process. Assessment of the product quality should be done unbiased. A quality checklist is very helpful in this regard.

In the post, I will show you the quality control checklist those need to be followed for product sourcing. While doing a quality inspection of the…

Top Fashion PLM Software Solution Providers

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In the earlier two posts, we covered what is the PLM software and its application in the apparel, fashion, and textile industry. In this post, we will see few popular fashion PLM software and PLM solution providers.



This is a flat list of PLM software suppliers. To know the best Fashion PLM suppliers in the world, you can further read and explore in Whichplm
List of PLM Software for Fashion Industry
BlueCherry by CGS Inc: BlueCherry® PLM is a best-in-class product lifecycle management solution for Apparel Fashion, Accessories, Lifestyle and Footwear Brands, providing a comprehensive set of tools to manage your entire product lifecycle.
Centric software: Centric PLM links design, merchandising, planning, product development, product testers, sourcing, procurement, production and retail teams with a one ‘actionable’ source of truth platform to eliminate rework, errors and lost time by improving team collaboration. 
Infor: Infor Fashion PLM delivers a single set of accurate, real-time da…

Use of PLM Software in the Apparel, Fashion and Textile Industry

Without a software, we can't think of running a fashion manufacturing and fashion retailing business. All big fashion brands are dependent on the PLM software. PLM system is used by designer, fashion brands, buyers, textile mills, apparel manufacturers, retailers. Different users across the fashion supply chain work on the same platform and can access the same data. PLM software improves internal and external communication.

The PLM software has reduced all manual activity, cutting the total time consumed into the half on an average. This has also helped in streamlining sourcing. Now a manufacturer can quickly flip through an array of samples in no time.

A PLM software integrates end-to-end product development and supply chain capabilities, enabling end users to plan, create, develop, source, cost, and follow finished goods through their life cycle to achieve rapid time-to-value.

Below is the list of major activities and function covered by a PLM system.
Application of PLM softwa…

What is Size Ratio in the Fashion Industry?

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You know whatever clothes we wear, it has a size number. Clothing retailers keep stock of garments as per standard size ratio.  When we buy a cloth, we look for the size that fits best to our body. In this post, I will cover the use of the garment size ratio in the apparel industry.

In bulk garment orders, buyers place an order it includes multiple garment sizes. For an example, when a garment manufacturer gets a purchase order (PO) for adult shirts, they normally get an order for sizes of Small (S), Medium (M), Large (L) and Extra Large (XL). Size-wise order quantity is different. If the order contains Small - 100 units, Medium - 200 units, Large 200 units and Extra larger 100 units, ratio becomes 1:2:2:1.

In a garment factory, the size ratio is used in the following areas.

Order quantity in a purchase order
Sometimes buyer mentions total order quantity in units in their PO and mentions the size ratio. Manufacturers calculate size wise garments quantity need to be manufactured depend…

Machinery Needed for Garment Manufacturing Business Setup

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At some point, we all think of starting own business rather than continuing our day job till the retirement. If you are one of such thinkers, this post is for you. Let me share that there are many fields for starting a business from scratch you can choose.

Starting a business in the garment industry can be considered as one such good option. You can start your business in garment manufacturing sector or start your own clothing label (brands) and open a retail store. It not necessary that the guy who has experience in the apparel industry can only start a business in readymade garment manufacturing and other can’t. Anyone can enter into garment manufacturing business. I have seen many newcomers are from different fields like IT professionals, bankers and HR professionals have started their business in this industry.

If you are a newcomer and wish to know more about the process from fabric manufacturing to the finished garment read this article and download this pdf document.

When you …

How to Calculate Size Wise Cut Quantity from the Size Ratio in an Order

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How to calculate size wise cutting quantity for 10000 pieces? For example, suppose we have received a production order of 10000 pieces and the order size ratio is S:M:L:XL = 1:2:2:1. Please help me with the formula. ... asked by Mala SN  In bulk apparel production, garment manufacturers get an order in volume for a style. In such bulk orders, garment supplier needs to garment for multiple sizes. Like, the same design is made for size small, size medium and size Large.

The buyer PO contains total order quantity and size wise order quantity. Sometimes buyers do not provide the size wise quantity breakup. Instead, they provide the following details.
total order quantity, list of sizes garment to made and size wise quantity ratio of garments From the ratio, you need to calculate size wise quantity. A mathematical calculation is used to convert ratios into quantity.  At the time of cut order plan, size wise quantity is calculated by the garment manufacturers.

You can use the following step…

Different Types of Seam in Garments - A Reference Guide

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In the Garment Construction class, I first learned about the different types of garment seams. Application of the different seams further practiced when I was involved in garment sampling and product analysis for preparing the operation bulletin.

In garment manufacturing, whether you work as a merchandiser or an industrial engineer or the quality person, or a production supervisor, you should know and must have a clear knowledge of different types of garment seams, and their construction details.

In this post, I will show you different types of garment seams and their use in various apparel products.

The common seams used in joining garment parts include
Superimposed seamLapped seamFrench seamFlat and Felled seamBound seamSeam class 1: Superimposed seam
This is the most common construction of seam on garments. The simplest seam type within the class is formed by superimposing the edge of one piece of material on another. A variety of stitch types can be used on this type of seam, both…

Garment Maker's KPI eBook Available on Google Play Store

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Measuring  KPIs play a very important role in improving processes and productivity in the apparel manufacturing companies. All garment factories should have a list of KPIs and they should measure their performance KPIs on the daily and monthly basis.

To understand more about the garment factory KPIs, this book will be very helpful.


Today, I am happy to announce that my Book "Garment Maker's KPI: Why to Measure and How to Measure" is available on Google Play Store.

You can read this book on your mobile device in PlayBook app. You can purchase this ebook at a discounted price from Google play store (for the limited period).

Follow this link to see the ebook on the Play Store. You can also read free sample pages of this eBook.

Know more about the content of this Book.

You can also purchase PDF format of this book from this Book Store.

What is the Meaning of ETD and ETA in the Fashion Business?

What do ETD and ETA mean?ETD stands for Estimated Time of Delivery (shipment delivery schedule)
ETA 
stands for Estimated Time of Arrival (Shipment arrival schedule)
Like in other industries, ETD and ETA terms are often used in the garment industry. International apparel brands and retailers source garment from different regions across the globe.

When sourcing is done through contracts and purchase order, ETD and ETA are important dates for the contract. Especially the buyer's purchase order (PO) contains this terms. 
In a garment factory, when merchandisers communicate with apparel buyer, they use ETD and ETA terms estimated delivery and estimated arrival date.
Also see: What is Ex-Factory Date?

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