Difference Between Poplin and Cambric

Poplin and Cambric fabric comparison

In this post, we will discuss the difference between Poplin and Cambric fabrics in terms of their construction, end use, and more.

In Poplin, a high warp density is used compared to the weft. For example, fabric EPI and PPI are like 122x64, 136x72. Fabric with crosswise ribs that typically gives a corded surface.

Cambric is a square structure fabric. Like the construction of 60x60, 76x76. Finer yarns are used in cambric compared to Poplin. Lightweight but very dense fabric, shiny surface on one side.

Definition of Poplin and Cambric fabric:

Poplin, a strong fabric produced by the rib variation of the plain weave and characterized by fine, closely spaced, crosswise ribs. It is made with heavier filling yarns and a greater number of warp yarns and is similar to broadcloth, which has even finer, more closely spaced ribs.

Cambric, a lightweight, closely woven, plain cotton cloth first made in Cambrai, France, and originally a fine linen fabric.

Count and construction of Poplin and Cambric:

Cambric: Two examples of fabric construction in cambric
  • 132 X 108 / 60 X 60
  • 92 X 88 / 60 X 60
Poplin:  Two examples of poplin construction
  • 124 X 72 / 40 X 40
  • 132 X 72 / 40 X 40

Also see: How to read fabric construction

The end use and application of poplin and cambric fabrics

Poplin: It is used for shirts, pajamas, women’s wear, and sportswear and also as a decorative fabric.
Cambric: Cambric is ideal for handkerchiefs, children’s dresses, slips, underwear, and nightgowns.

Rajkumar Rai

Prasanta Sarkar

Prasanta Sarkar is a textile engineer and a postgraduate in fashion technology from NIFT, New Delhi, India. He has authored 6 books in the field of garment manufacturing technology, garment business setup, and industrial engineering. He loves writing how-to guide articles in the fashion industry niche. He has been working in the apparel manufacturing industry since 2006. He has visited garment factories in many countries and implemented process improvement projects in numerous garment units in different continents including Asia, Europe, and South Africa. He is the founder and editor of the Online Clothing Study Blog.

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