How to Read Fabric Construction?

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Fabric construction and explanation on reading fabric construction.

Question:

How to read fabric specification with construction of 76 X 68 30/30 of 100% cotton composition?


Answer:


In the tech-pack, buyer gives details of the fabric specification for its construction and composition (fibre content). Specification is similar to the description mentioned above 76X68 30/30 and 100% Cotton composition

Fabric construction

Fabric construction with this description is read as the following:
76 X 68 is read as

Ends per inch is 76 and Pick per Inch is 68.  Or EPI X PPI = 76 X 68
This means that if you take specimen of 1 inch X 1 inch of this fabric, you will find 76 number of warp yarns and 68 numbers of weft yarns.

If you don't the terms, Ends means Warp yarns and Picks means Weft or Filling yarns. 

30/30 defines yarn sizes used in fabric.
Here warp yarn size is 30's Ne and weft yarn size is 30's Ne. Both warp and weft yarns are single ply. 

100% Cotton: Fabric composition. Fabric is made of 100% cotton fiber.

You might also find other form of fabric construction like
  1. 30X30 / 76X68 (Here yarns count are mentioned first and then EPI X PPI is mentioned)

Also Read: How to determine GSM of Woven Fabric from its construction?

Sometimes we forget basic things. It happens with me when I tried to write answer the above question. I called one of my friends who is working in a well known Consumers Testing Lab, for the clarification. Many thanks to him.

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Online Clothing Study: How to Read Fabric Construction?
How to Read Fabric Construction?
Fabric construction and explanation on reading fabric construction.
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