Different Types of Garment Packing

A nice packaging of garments sometimes increases sales at the retailer’s point. When we look at mass garment manufacturing for the export market and home market, we need to take care of the final packaging of articles, transportation of goods from manufacturing house to a retail shop and easy distribution of colour and sizes to the stores. Let’s look at an example -from the manufacturing unit to the retail shop or to the brand’s central warehouse readymade garments are transferred in cartons.

Each carton does not contain random garment pieces instead each carton contains garments of specific sizes, and colours of a certain ratio. The garment ratio of different sizes and colours may depend on the location, customer requirement and order booking.
Packed garment
In a garment production unit, finished garments are folded and packed in individual poly bags. Later packed garments are placed into carton boxes. There are several criteria for the packing of the garments and packing into cartons which are explained in this article.

There are generally two kinds of packing the garment.

Packing garment into poly bags

Traditionally garments are packed into poly bags before placing them into cartons box. Garments may be packed individually in the poly bags and the ratio will be specified by the buyer.

1. Single piece packing – a single garment is packed into the polybag or into a cardboard box.

2. Blister Packing: In blister packing, more than one garments are packed into a polybag in a size and colour ratio. Later those poly bags are packed into a carton box.

Packing garment without polybag

The other method is that the garments are just folded and arranged in the carton boxes without putting them in the polybag. When it comes packing multiple of garments into carton boxes colour and sizes are considered as main criteria for differentiating packing method. Different ways of packing are as follows:

3. Solid Packing: In this method of packing, the carton box will include garments of a single color and same size. For example, 20 shirts of a similar color say navy blue and the size say S will be put in one carton box.

Assorted packing or Ratio packing:
4. Ratio Packing: In this method, the carton box includes garments of the same color but of different sizes according to the ratio. For example, S : M : L : XL = 5 : 7 : 7 : 5.

5. Mixed Packing: In this method the carton box includes garments of different colors but of same size or garments with different colors and different sizes in a particular ratio form.

Garment packing based on the folding method:

Traditionally garments are folded prior to packing. Folding of garments are done as followings
  1. First garments are folded flat as per specific dimension and later packed into a polybag. 
  2. Garments are folded and packed into individual cardboard box instead of packing into poly bag. Like men’s shirts are packed in a cardboard box.
  3. Garments are not folded at all – full garment is packed into a polybag in a hanger and placed on the carton.
  4. Garments are not folded and not packed into an individual polybag. Garments are directly placed into carton boxes. Later in retail shop garment are placed in racks using hangers.
  5. Crashed fold – garments like shorts, boxers, cargo pants crashed folded and items of different colors are packed into a poly bag.
You might have seen many other ways of packing garments. If you are doing export manufacturing you have to follow packing method as instructed by the buyer. In case you own a brand, you can design your packing method based on product type or follow the market trend for packing of particular types of garments.

Prasanta Sarkar

Prasanta Sarkar is a textile engineer and a postgraduate in fashion technology from NIFT, New Delhi, India. He has authored 6 books in the field of garment manufacturing technology, garment business setup, and industrial engineering. He loves writing how-to guide articles in the fashion industry niche. He has been working in the apparel manufacturing industry since 2006. He has visited garment factories in many countries and implemented process improvement projects in numerous garment units in different continents including Asia, Europe, and South Africa. He is the founder and editor of the Online Clothing Study Blog.

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