An Incomplete Guide for Preparing Material Requirement Sheet for T-Shirt Making

Planning to start a T-shirt business? But stuck at preparing your material requirement sheet?

Don’t worry. Just read this article, an incomplete guide for preparing list of raw materials and supplies, to understand material requirement and source material accordingly.

T-shirts are one of the basic apparel products. Yet when you first time work on material requirement for a t-shirt for making a sample or bulk production this guide will is helpful.

If you are planning to make t-shirt in bulk and want to sell your t-shirt designs you need to be very clear about requirement of fabrics, trims and accessories. There are thousands of t-shirt designs. A variety of raw materials may be used to make those t-shirts. Don’t get confused in deciding what to use for your design. Just be specific to single design and concentrate on that only. Prepare the first material requirement from a sample. Second time you can do it quickly and without much difficulty.

Where do you get the material requirement?

Your customer (buyer) will give you the T-shirt sample and/or the techpack for the design. You have to refer the sample for deciding material requirement. If you don’t have buyer, pick some t-shirt from a shop as a sample to refer. Study the sample thoroughly and make a list of things used in the t-shirt.

I have mentioned list of items (possible items) and their specification here.

1. Fabrics needed for making a T-shirt:

Knits fabric is used in making a t-shirt. Wide ranges of fabric design are available in the market for making apparel products. You have to choose right fabric with right properties to make quality of t-shirt you want to manufacture. Also a t-shirt might have made with more than one type of fabrics for different components.

Here I have shown you an example of knits fabric that is commonly used for regular t-shirt.

  • Fabric: Single jersey knits fabric.
  • Fabric weight: between 120-180 GSM. Select fabric GSM as per your need or your customer wants
  • Fibre content: 100% cotton
  • Neck Rib: Contrast color fabric of same weight/ self fabric and same color fabric can be used for neck rib (neck finishing). What to choose depends on the design.
  • Neck tape: This is optional but good quality t-shirts are made of attaching back neck tape. Twill tape (herringbone tape) or self fabric tape can be used for back neck finishing.

All the item specification given above may vary depending on your design requirement.

Also see: Different types of knits fabric used in making T-shirt

2. Trims needed for T-shirt manufacturing:

Items other than fabrics attached to the t-shirt to make the design are known as trims. Common trims required making a t-shirt includes -

  • Sewing threads: You have to choose thread color, and thread thickness based on design. Normally matching thread color, 120 TKT thickness, and spun polyester thread is used for stitching.
  • Elastic tape (used at shoulder join): This tape is used to stop the shoulder seam stretched after long use. Alternative you can use crochet tape.
  • Main label (to attach inside back yoke): Yes, you want your brand logo to be attached as label. You can use woven labels for the brand logo. Alternatively you can print main label to the t-shirt.
  • Size label: Customer wants to see what sizes they are buying. Therefore you must show garment size by attaching size label. Like main label woven label, printed labels can be used.
  • Wash and care label: (See this article to learn more about wash care label)

Additional trims (as per design): Study the sample thoroughly and find if any other item is attached in your t-shirt. Include all trims in your requirement list.

In case you don’t understand or know the name of any additional item used in the t-shirt you show the sample to you trim suppliers.

3. Accessories needed for making T-shirt

Items those are not attached to garments but required in improving garment presentation and packing are known as accessories. Common accessories include poly bag/cardboard box, tissue paper, hang tag, kimble, price sticker etc.

These are common items used in folding and packing t-shirts. You can follow packing as per your requirement. The best way of preparing raw material requirement sheet is prepare bill of material.

Also see: How to calculate raw material cost for garments

Need more guidance on this or setting up your t-shirt business? Contact me.

Prasanta Sarkar

Prasanta Sarkar is a textile engineer and a postgraduate in fashion technology from NIFT, New Delhi, India. He has authored 6 books in the field of garment manufacturing technology, garment business setup, and industrial engineering. He loves writing how-to guide articles in the fashion industry niche. He has been working in the apparel manufacturing industry since 2006. He has visited garment factories in many countries and implemented process improvement projects in numerous garment units in different continents including Asia, Europe, and South Africa. He is the founder and editor of the Online Clothing Study Blog.

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