Textile Finishing: Classification of Fabric Finishes

In this post, you will learn different type of textile finishes commonly used in the textile industry. Finishing processes are divided into two classes.
  1. Physical or Mechanical finishes
  2. Chemical finishes
Under these two categories, different kind of treatment is done. This post covers major textile finishing processes.

Physical or mechanical finishes

These types of finishing treatments include
  • Calendering
  • Sanforising
  • Raising
  • Compating
  • Napping
  • Shearing
  • Sueding
  • Setting and heat-setting
All these treatments will be further explained in the next post.
Fabric Calender Machine. Image source: calenderingmachine.com

Chemical Finishes:

Chemical finishes are of two types-

  1. Finishes obtained by deposition of chemicals such as starch china clay, oil, fats and waxes, synthetic resins, rubber latex, cellulose acetate, cellulose ethers, optical bleaching agents and so on.
  2. Finishes obtained by chemical reactions with fibre. These includes-
  • Parchmentising
  • Anti-soil
  • Wrinkle free
  • Anti-crease
  • Wash & wear
  • Durable press
  • Flame retardant
  • Fluorochemical
  • Deodorant & Antimicrobial
  • Ultraviolet Protection
  • Enzymes washing
In the following post, all these treatment and finished will be explained. Follow OCS updates.