Garment Meaning, Its Definition and Synonyms | What is Garment?


What is a garment?

A garment is a piece of cloth made of textile material(s) and it is stitched by means of a sewing machine. 'Garment' is the most common term used to name our clothes. The clothing item we wear to cover our body is known as a garment. 

Other terms used interchangeably for 'garment' are apparel, attire, dress, uniform, and clothes. Clothing items like t-shirts, shirts, pants, jackets, boxer pants, and ladies' blouses are garments.

A fabric sheet is a cloth but not a garment. The garment is defined as an article of clothing by

Garments are classified based on many criteria. In this fashion era, garments are the most essential component of the fashion industry.  

Images of two basic garments are shown below (1) T-shirt and (2) Shirt.

1. T-Shirt

formal shirt
2. A formal shirt

Notes on garments:

In this post, I have covered a few things about garments.

Factories and plants that make garments in bulk are known garment manufacturers. Garments are also made in a tailoring shop (custom-made garments). 

The global garment industry is huge. The garment industry is globalized – developed countries source garments from different parts of the world, mainly from Asian countries. 

A large garment supply chain works to build the global garment industry. The readymade garment industry is the main source of economic development for many countries and provides jobs to millions of people.

Related Article: Garment manufacturing process flow.

Different materials used in making a garment

Textile fabrics (woven or knits) are the fabric raw material for making a garment item. Other than fabric trims and accessories are used to make a garment. For example, the materials used for making a trouser are shown below.  
  • Fabrics
  • Lining (for pocketing fabric)
  • Fusible interlining
  • Sewing threads
  • Zippers
  • Buttons
  • Hook & Bar
  • Labels
  • Price tags
  • Packaging materials


I am associated with the garment industry after my graduation in textile technology. Later, I did a postgraduation in garment manufacturing technology. Garment technology is a large area of study. Now, I am associated with the garment industry. Most of the time, I use the term ‘garment’ instead of other names like apparel. Though there are some differences between an apparel and a garment

There are millions of businesses that build on the garment in every corner of the world.

Prasanta Sarkar

Prasanta Sarkar is a textile engineer and a postgraduate in fashion technology from NIFT, New Delhi, India. He has authored 6 books in the field of garment manufacturing technology, garment business setup, and industrial engineering. He loves writing how-to guide articles in the fashion industry niche. He has been working in the apparel manufacturing industry since 2006. He has visited garment factories in many countries and implemented process improvement projects in numerous garment units in different continents including Asia, Europe, and South Africa. He is the founder and editor of the Online Clothing Study Blog.

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