Garment Manufacturing Process Flow Chart

The garment manufacturing process involved a number of processes from order receiving to dispatching shipment of the finished garments. A process flow chart helps to understand how raw materials are moved from one process to another process until raw materials are transformed into the desired product (garments).

Garment manufacturing process
Image: Garment finishing section

It is noted that a process flow chart made for the garment manufacturing processes will vary based on manufacturing facility and product types. As some companies do the whole process in a single plant when others do production jobs and other auxiliary processes are outsourced.

Based on the present apparel industry, garment manufacturing processes are categorized as
  • Pre-Production Processes - The pre-production process includes sampling, sourcing of raw materials, Approvals, PP meetings, etc. Read this for further reading on pre-production processes.
  • Production processes - Production processes are cutting, sewing, quality checking, etc.
  • Post-production processes - thread trimming, pressing, checking, folding and packing, shipment inspection, etc.

Instead of making a single process flow chart, I have made one chart for major processes and two separate charts for cutting room processes, and finishing processes for detailed process charts.

Chart-1. Garment manufacturing process flow chart (major processes)

Chart-2. Cutting Room Process Flow Chart

Chart-3. Finishing Process Flow Chart

I hope you find the process flow helpful to understand how garments are processed in a garment factory. 

Prasanta Sarkar

Prasanta Sarkar is a textile engineer and a postgraduate in fashion technology from NIFT, New Delhi, India. He has authored 6 books in the field of garment manufacturing technology, garment business setup, and industrial engineering. He loves writing how-to guide articles in the fashion industry niche. He has been working in the apparel manufacturing industry since 2006. He has visited garment factories in many countries and implemented process improvement projects in numerous garment units in different continents including Asia, Europe, and South Africa. He is the founder and editor of the Online Clothing Study Blog.

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  1. Replies
    1. PP stands for Pre-Production
      The complete term is 'PP Meeting' which means pre-production meeting.

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