What is the Meaning of SAM in Garment Industry?

The meaning of SAM (Standard Allowed Minute) is explained here. As defined in the book 'Introduction to Work Study, ILO', the Standard minute is defined as follows.

SAM is the time value arrived at for a task based on the average rate of output which qualified workers will naturally achieve without overexertion provided that they know and adhere to the specified method and provided that they are motivated to apply themselves to their work.

Here SAM stands for Standard Allowed Minute.

In the garment industry, specifically in production, SAM is used for measuring work content in individual operations and activities. In a factory work study department (Industrial Engineering department) measure and calculate SAM for sewing operations using a standard calculation method.

Read this article to learn the SAM calculation method. 

How to calculate the SAM of the garment?

What does SAM mean

Standard time (SAM) of a garment and operations are used in many ways directly and indirectly. Some of those are

  • Labor cost and associated cost ratios are measured by using garment SAM 
  • Operators payroll and incentive amount is calculated based on earned SAM

  • Latest production scheduling systems like line balancing systems and performance measuring systems use SAM as one of the primary parameters. 
  • For line layout planning garment SAM value is used.
  • For daily and hourly production target calculation operations SAM is used

An organized garment manufacturing company can not think of managing and controlling the shop floor without using the standard time of the garments and individual operations. Even apparel buyers negotiate garment manufacturing prices based on garment SAM. 

To derive the most appropriate SAM value for a garment, factories use PMTS based systems. Standard Time is also derived from the time study method. 

Also read: Standard Minute Value (SMV): Definition, Calculation and Use

Prasanta Sarkar

Prasanta Sarkar is a textile engineer and a postgraduate in fashion technology from NIFT, New Delhi, India. He has authored 6 books in the field of garment manufacturing technology, garment business setup, and industrial engineering. He loves writing how-to guide articles in the fashion industry niche. He has been working in the apparel manufacturing industry since 2006. He has visited garment factories in many countries and implemented process improvement projects in numerous garment units in different continents including Asia, Europe, and South Africa. He is the founder and editor of the Online Clothing Study Blog.

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