What are the Critical Defects for a Garment?

Definition of Critical defects:

According to Quality Assurance Manual of Gap Inc. "Anything which can harm the wearer of the product are critical defects".

Critical defects are also defined as a defect that is likely to result in hazardous or unsafe conditions for an individual in using the product  and that does not meet the mandatory regulations.

A critical defect in clothes may cause accident to the wearer and may malfunction when wearer out wearing a garment with critical defect.

Example of some critical defects:

  • Loose components: Trims and fasteners those are used in the garment but not secure properly. For example, buttons, snaps, stones etc. 
  • Sharp edges: During the processing of the garment it come in contact with various sharp metals such as needles, staples. Broken needles, damaged or broken snap buttons, rivets, wire and pins. 
  • Drawstrings at head or neck for baby or kids products. Draw string must be avoided in kids clothes.  
  • Thread or trims which are extensively long or loose.

Kids Hoodie without Drawstring
  Image source: Gap.com
All the above critical defects must not be present in the product in any circumstances. In an audit if inspector finds such defects in packed garments, he must fails the audit and ask quality checker for re-inspection of all goods. For the factory, management should run awareness program on critical defects and potential risk of the critical defects at end-user point.