Elements of Clothing Design

The primary elements of clothing design are product silhouette, line, color, fabric, and trimming. When clothing is designed all of these elements are taken into account.

  • Silhouette
  • Line
  • Color
  • Materials (Fabrics)
  • Trimmings /Detailings 
  • Fit

1. Silhouette: 

It is the most dominant visual element of a garment. Silhouette means the shape of a garment. The basic silhouettes are classified into three categories,

  1. Slimline silhouette- the garments which remain in contact to the body are called as slim line silhouettes. 
  2. Moderate silhouette – the garments which not fall close to the body contact are known as moderate silhouettes.
  3. Extreme silhouette – the garments which have a layering of clothes to show the fullness of the garment and also improve the drape are called extreme silhouettes.

2. Line and Shape:

It refers to the edge or outline of the garment. 

Lines and shapes created by seams, cuts, and design elements influence the visual flow and structure of a garment. They can emphasize certain features, create illusions of height or width, and guide the viewer's eye.

3. Color: 

Color is the most important of the design because it is the first thing that is noticed by a customer. More than the visual look of a color, it carries a lot of meaning of the garment. 
  1. Cloths in one color add to the illusion to height. 
  2. Dark colored top with light colored bottom tends to shorten the height of the wearer. 
  3. Contrast between dark and light also creates effective illusion.
  4. Space filled with pattern seems larger than plain space. 
  5. Dark colors recede visually. 
  6. Light colors stand out. Thus a single color has a bright look and a good combination of colors adds value to the garment.

4. Fabrics: 

The basic raw material of clothing is fabric. Fabric thickness, weight, and physical properties are also considered during clothing design. The clothing design and final product manufacturing costs mainly depend on the fabric costs. So, the designer selects the fabric quality for their new designs based on the market segment. 

5. Trimming: 

Trims are used in garments for function or styling purposes. Trims help to emphasize the garment as well as improve the aesthetic value. Trims are the raw materials needed for making a specific design. 

Related post:  Raw materials used in making men's trousers

6. Fit: 

Fit refers to how well a garment conforms to the body when worn. Achieving the right fit is essential for both comfort and aesthetics. Designers consider factors such as body shape, ease of movement, and the desired style when determining the fit of a garment.

Previous Post Next Post


Contact Form