Characteristics of a good workstation layout

Question: Kindly help me in workstation layout. How to prepare a good workstation layout in small area with 45 m/c, 14 UBT and 4 DN and remaining SN m/c to make a shirt?

OCS's Answer: 
Prior to doing line layout of a product, design workstation layout for each individual workstations of the line. You may be looking for line layout (machine layout) for shirt manufacturing. Please note, which machines are required and how many required depend on the operations. First make operation breakdown and according to operations assign machines. Refer to article operation breakdown for formal shirt. In your machine list Feed of Arm (FOA) is missing. Also has not listed butting machines. So, I guess you will do buttoning and button holing job in another area (most probably in finishing). In the following I have given a list characteristic of good workstation layout and calculation of space required for a line with 45 machines. 

Design of the workstation layout widely vary from one operation to another depending of size of work, number of components to be worked on and type of machine to handle during operation. However few things are common for each workstation those are listed below.

Characteristics of a good workstation layout:

  • All works (components) should be placed as closer as possible to the operator for easy reach. 
  • Work should be presented correct way for easy unbundling and quick pick up 
  • Nothing should stuck operators during picking up and disposing components. 
  • Keep bins or other means to dispose finished work. 
  • Operators must have enough space on the table to handle the garment parts. If required add table extension near operator and left side of the machine. 
  • Enough space in between two machine for operator movement.
  • Use jig and folders where required.
  • If you provide trimmer (for thread cutting) to operator define a space for it. 
  • Provide height adjustable chair.
Example of a good workstation layout has been shown in the following image.
Workstation: Attaching front chest pocket.

Sewing Line layout:

I am not completely clear what do you mean by ‘small area’. How much area required will depend on number of total workstations in the line. As per common sewing workstation space 3.5 X 3.5 square feet is needed per machine. Considering sewing line is made of two rows of machine, centre table (2 feet wide) and walking space (2X4 feet) both sides of the line. More than these you need to place check point at the end of each sections with small table (3X4 feet) and space for manual work – such as marking and pressing. Marking and pressing job can be done outside of the line but still you need space for that.

Also need space for loading table and garment checking table at the end of the line (both are optional). Excluding loading table space, checking table space and inline checkpoint and manual work area total space required is width = (3.5X2+2+4X1 or 2) = 13 feet to 17 feet and length= 3.5X23 machines=80.5 feet. If you like to add tables for manual work and checking garment components add their space to calculate total length of the line. Finally calculate total area for your shirt line multiplying length by line width, i.e. 13X80.5 squire feet.