Different types of textile printing processes



Whatever clothes we wear is full of attractive with prints. The printing is done is fabric form or in garments. When fabric comes out from mills, power loom or others means it is generally grey in color. To make fabric and cloths attractive and valuable dyeing and printing are done on fabric surface. But how the printing is done on cloths? Different printing process and advantages and disadvantages of each printing methods has been explained here


1. Automatic Flat Screen Printing: In this method fabric is laid on flat table. A flat screen with perforated pattern is used for printing. Number of screen depends on no. of colors of the printed design. First the flat screen is placed on fabric from top and printing paste squeezed on screen by rod or scrapper from one side another.
    a. Advantages:
          i. Larger repeats
          ii. Multiple strokes for pile fabric
    b. Disadvantages
          i. Slow
          ii. Non continuous pattern
2. Rotary Screen Printing:
    a. Advantages
          i. Fast
          ii. Quick change over of pattern
          iii. Continuous pattern
   b. Disadvantages
          i. Design limitations
          ii. Small repeats
3. Engraved roller printing
     a. Advantages:
          i. High design capability (fine details and multiple tones)
     b. Disadvantages:
          i. Copper cylinders very expensive
          ii. Not economical for short runs
          iii. Required highly skilled worker
4. Heat transfer Print:
    a. Advantages
          i. High quality print
          ii. Fewer seconds
          iii. Economical for short runs
          iv. Pollution free
   b. Disadvantages:
          i. Slow process
          ii. Primarily for polyester