Overall Efficiency Vs On-Standard Efficiency

You may know the definition of Efficiency. You may know how to calculate the efficiency of a production line or an individual sewing operator. But do you know -
  • What is On-standard efficiency and overall efficiency?
  • How to calculate on-standard efficiency and overall efficiency?
  • What are the differences between these two efficiency terms?
These are the new terms to many industrial engineers and production people. If these terms are also new to you, read this post.

Workers performance and production line performance is measured in efficiency. Efficiency is calculated using the formula that we have discussed in an earlier post with an example.

Efficiency Calculation formula 
Efficiency (%) = (Total minutes produced / Total minutes attended at work)*100 

When the On-Standard Efficiency and Overall Efficiency are measured

In a normal workday, operators spend their total attended time following categories
  1. doing standard work
  2. doing off-standard work (doing a task which is not familiar to the operator / other than a regular job)
  3. doing nothing (lost-time like power failure, machine breakdown, no feeding/no work)
When an operator works on a bundle (garment pieces) they produce standard minutes whether she works on-standard operation or an off-standard operation. But when an operator does nothing but sitting idle due to some reasons is lost time.

If an operator does not get work, that is not her fault. In such cases, if you measure her performance considering all the attended hours, that will reflect a wrong performance. For this reason, on-standard efficiency is measured where only on-standard work hours are considered for calculating efficiency. 

Measuring on-standard efficiency is good for operator skill analysis but when it comes for production at the end of the day, or line efficiency, and incentive calculation for the line and individual operator, overall efficiency is used for eligibility level.

How to calculate on-standard efficiency, off-standard efficiency and overall Efficiency

To measure on-standard efficiency, off-standard efficiency and overall Efficiency we need to collect the following data

(A) Total hours worked on the standard work
(B) Standard minutes produced while working on standard work
(C) Total hours worked on off-standard work
(D) Standard minutes produced while working on the off-standard work
(E) Total lost time in hours
(F) During lost-time, practically, no garment will be produced, so no produced minute for lost time hours.

The standard produced minute is calculated as operation SAM x Number of pieces stitched.

On-standard Efficiency (%) = (Total on-standard minute produced *100)/(Total on-standard hours worked * 60) = (B*100)/60*A)

Off-standard Efficiency (%)= (Total  off-standard minute produced *100)/(Total off-standard hours worked * 60) = (D*100)/60*C) 

Overall Efficiency (%) = (B+D)*100/(60*(A+C+E))

If there is no lost time and no off-standard work hours employee's on-standard efficiency and overall efficiency will be the same.

If there is lost time, overall efficiency will be less than the on-standard efficiency.

Watch this video for overall efficiency calculation method.

Efficiency Calculation (An example)

An employee produced 300 units of SAM 1 minutes in 8 hours. Out of 8 working hours, 1 hour is measured as lost time due to machine breakdown and no feeding od cuttings. Calculate on-standard efficiency and overall efficiency of this employee.

Total shift hours (8 hours) is broken down as follows

(A) Total hours worked on standard work = 7 hours (total shift hours – lost time)
(B) Standard minutes produced while working on standard work = 300*1 minute = 5 hours
(C) Total hours worked on off-standard work = no off-standard work performed
(D) Standard minutes produced while working on the off-standard work = No off-standard minute production
(E) Total lost time in hours = 1 hour

On-standard Efficiency = (5*100/7) =71.43%

Overall Efficiency = (5*100)/(7+1) = (500/8)%=62.5%


You see efficiency loss in the line efficiency. Some of the reasons for efficiency loss in a plant are unmeasured lost-time, off-standard work done by sewing operators. When on-standard efficiency is measured, you can get an accurate operator performance (efficiency data). For preparing the operator skill matrix factory should consider their on-standard efficiency instead of considering overall efficiency.

The challenges in measuring on-standard efficiency are not having the right tool for capturing lost time data. With a print format, you can capture lost-time data but that would be limited, not the true lost-time hours. 

Prasanta Sarkar

Prasanta Sarkar is a textile engineer and a postgraduate in fashion technology from NIFT, New Delhi, India. He has authored 6 books in the field of garment manufacturing technology, garment business setup, and industrial engineering. He loves writing how-to guide articles in the fashion industry niche. He has been working in the apparel manufacturing industry since 2006. He has visited garment factories in many countries and implemented process improvement projects in numerous garment units in different continents including Asia, Europe, and South Africa. He is the founder and editor of the Online Clothing Study Blog.

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