What is Dyeing Process?

The textile materials we use at home and clothes we wear are mostly come with some colours. The colours you see in textiles and clothes are added by dyeing or printing process. Do you know, what is dyeing process?

Dyeing Process

Dyeing is a process of adding colour(s) into textile materials either in fibre, or yarns or fabric stage. The natural colour of fibres (natural yarns and fabric) is off-white or grey. So dyeing is an important process for improving aesthetic and look of the textile materials.

Dyeing is a value added process and essential part of textile design.

A dyeing liquor is made in a dyeing bath (pane) with dyeing chemicals and accessories. The fabric or other form of textile materials are dipped into or passed through the dyeing bath. Dyeing can be performed in hot and cold liquor. Various types of chemicals, liquor ratio, and temperature are involved in dyeing. Dyeing mills and small dyeing houses follow dyeing recipe to get needed colours and shade of a colour in the textile material or in garments. 

Dyeing of fabrics is a part of wet processing. There are preparatory processes like scouring and bleaching which are done prior to dyeing fabrics.

Read this post to learn more about dyeing process, different types of dyes used for dyeing and different types of dyeing machines.

Dyeing is a primary and a common topic in textile technology. Dyeing is a vast topic for learning. This subject is studied in textile engineering and textile wet processing.

Prasanta Sarkar

Prasanta Sarkar is a textile engineer and a postgraduate in fashion technology from NIFT, New Delhi, India. He has authored 6 books in the field of garment manufacturing technology, garment business setup, and industrial engineering. He loves writing how-to guide articles in the fashion industry niche. He has been working in the apparel manufacturing industry since 2006. He has visited garment factories in many countries and implemented process improvement projects in numerous garment units in different continents including Asia, Europe, and South Africa. He is the founder and editor of the Online Clothing Study Blog.

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