Showing posts from March, 2018

How to Get Maximum Efficiency in Shorter Run Orders?

It is true that for short-run orders when the line reaches its pick performance, stitching get completed. When a factory compares the line performance of a short-run against a long-run order, it gets less efficiency.

Normally, on the first 1-3 days of production loading (depending on the style or production system), a line builds its performance day by day (learning curve) and line works at optimum efficiency level after the learning curve. If the line gets a long run order (that normally runs more than 15 days), the average efficiency of the order comes higher as after learning most of the days, the line works on the higher level.

On the other hand, when an order gets finished by 4th to 5th day of loading, the average line efficiency remains low due to initial days' learning curve.When a line gets 4-5 short run orders in months, they lost the productive time on production line set-up (style changeover). This results in lower line performance during the month.

This question was as…

Should I Include Helpers in Line Efficiency Calculation?

One of our industrial engineer friends asked me this question.
I have read the line efficiency formula in your blog but I want to know that apart from operators, the helpers who are working in that particular line are not being included in calculating the line efficiency. As they are part of that line, without them for sure operators cannot achieved what they can. So it would be very helpful if you rectify my confusion. There is no standard rule whether to add the helpers' working hours in line efficiency calculation or not. It is up to engineers, how they present the efficiency data.

I have answered this question with explanation. Go through my point of views and share your points (agree or disagree).

The formula used for calculating a line efficiency is

Line Efficiency% = (Total minutes produced by the line / Total minutes worked by labors working in the line)*100 

You can see, for calculating line efficiency, we use two data-

(1) Minutes produced (You can say standard hours pro…

Few Tips to Apparel Merchandisers to Enhance Their Career in Global Apparel Supply Chain

The fashion industry is huge and continues to grow rapidly – according to current growth projections, it will double in the next 10 years, generating up to US$5 trillion annually. Only a few more industries can look forward to such levels of growth. In this context, the author has shared few tips to apparel merchandisers to enhance their Career in Global Apparel Supply Chain

It’s not just big in terms of revenue – it also employs directly and indirectly over 200 million people around the world. In the US, 4 million people work in the fashion industry ( That’s more than other major sectors, including the auto, fast-food and video-game industries.

In 20th-century apparel manufacturing become a global industry. Many developing countries adopted the industry as it could provide employment to a large number of people. Apparel quota systems introduced by the USA and the European Union, multi-fiber agreement in 1974 and World Trade Organization had a major roll in establ…

What is CMT Manufacturing in the Apparel Industry?

In the apparel industry, CMT means Cut, Make and Trim process in the apparel sourcing. In the CMT term - Cut means cutting of garment patterns from fabric role. Make is stitching the complete garment with necessary trims. Trim means trimming of uncut threads tails, cleaning loose thread from the garment after stitching and doing the checking, finishing and packing the garment. CMT is also a pricing term in the apparel industry. In CMT manufacturing, apparel buyer pays the manufacturers for the cut-make-trim process. Pre-production process like the order processing, product development, pattern making and pattern grading, and post-production process such as shipping of goods are handled by the buyer. 
In the apparel supply chain, various formats of garment manufacturing exist. CMT is one of the old and still most preferred one for many apparel buyers.
When we talk about CMT manufacturing, the CMT garment manufacturers don't buy fabric and trims for the product. Fabric and trims are…

Industrial Engineering in Apparel Manufacturing: Practitioner's Handbook (The Book)

I just want to share about the release of a new book on Industrial Engineering topic.

As you see in the above image, the book is titled as Industrial Engineering in Apparel Manufacturing: Practitioner's Handbook and authored by Dr. Prabir Jana and Dr. Manoj Tiwari.

I am reading this book right now and completed few chapters so far.

I loved the content of this book and in-depth theory coverage. In this book, authors have covered all the essential industrial engineering subjects (related to apparel manufacturing) that we practice on the shop floor. Subjects are explained with examples and calculations where necessary. You will get the flavor of the current industry practices when going through the chapters.

Here are the book contents.
Apparel industrial engineers, students and production managers who want to learn more and enhance their knowledge on industrial engineering and production management can read this book. Garment factory owners can gift this book to their IE team.

The p…

What is the Difference Between Woven and Printed Labels Used in Garments?

When you are manufacturing clothing, you have a lot of choices to make. One of the last ones, though, is what kind of label you will use to refer important information such as the size or how to wash the garment. Your two main choices are woven labels and printed labels. However, what is the difference? How do you know which one is the best choice for you? Don’t stress, though, because in this article we are going to discuss the differences and how you can choose the best label for your clothing.

What Is A Printed Label? First, let’s take a look at printed labels. These are commonly made of satin, cotton, tyvek, or a poly blend fabric. These tags are made by making the tag itself first and then digitally printed on the logo, instructions, or whatever you need to go on the label. Labels like this are soft but they may not hold up over time and many machine washes.

Learn more about the printed label manufacturing process.

What Is A Woven Label? Woven labels are made on a loom instead o…

Digital Textile Printing – The Technology and Production Processes

1. About the Digital Textile Printing (DTP) The advantage of digital printing and coloring of textures, yarns, and garment includes a piece of a couple of decades, a dynamic present and likely a brilliant future. This presentation represents the birthplaces and advancement of material printing to computerized arrangements. It distinguishes a portion of the numerous makers and pioneers of these innovations and surveys their effect on the printing industry. It talks about a couple of the false begins that added to supported accomplishments of computerized printing innovations for material embellishment. It utilizes the presentations that have seen the presentation of inventive advances for material printing as street denotes that demonstrate patterns and indicate the way computerized material printing's brilliant future.

In the near future, customer-oriented mass customization will become one of the most important trends in many manufacturing industries. DTP (Digital Textile Printi…

A List of Garment and Fashion Buyers (200 Plus Apparel Brands)

Are you looking for garment buyer's list?  Here is a BIG list of international garment buyers and brands - from the USA, and European countries. This list of buyers are collected from internet, from the exporter's client list, and collected from friends.

Apparel manufacturers and exporters across the globe manufacture millions of garments every day. These garments are purchased by the apparel retailers, brands and apparel buyers and finally reaches the end consumers who live far away from the manufacturers.

Related post:How to Find New Buyers and Retain Them for Apparel Manufacturing Business

As a garment manufacturer, one needs business opportunity from apparel retailers. They need to know about the top and popular apparel buyers and brands to expand their market reach.

Some of these buyers are retailers having stores in across the globe, some have stored in their home countries (but the country name may be listed for one country). Some retailers have a number of apparel bran…

Types of Machines Required for Jeans Manufacturing

I love jeans. So, most of the time I wear a denim pant rather than formal/casual trousers. It is not only me. Many individuals, especially the young generations (man, woman, boys, and girls) love wearing jeans. 
After the t-shirt, I think possibly jeans is the second top popular item among the variety of apparel products. 
You might be thinking - why I am sharing it today? 
I have been asked the following question. Before listing the machine types I am trying to introduce the popularity of jeans and its market demand. 
QUESTION: I am planning on starting a small level business of jeans manufacturing but I don't have any knowledge about the machinery required to make a good jean (denim pant).  Please help me to know about the machinery required and what would be the cost of those machines.
Let me reply to the question asked by one of my fans. I have listed different types of machines required for making jeans in a factory environment.
Sewing machines Single needle lockstitch machin…

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