Machinery Required for Setting up In-house Testing Lab in a Garment Export House

It is really a good idea to set up an in-house textile lab for checking basic physical properties of textiles. Why depend on Third Party testing labs for the confirmation of specification like fabric count, yarn count, and color matching?

Fabric properties like dimensional stability, color bleeding, and color fastness to washing can’t be ignored. The buyer would not accept any goods failing these basic requirements. As an export garment manufacturer don’t start cutting fabric for production without testing above mentioned fabric properties.

It is also true that an export house can’t keep all types of machinery required to test buyer test specifications. It is not feasible though. The primary test required for physical properties and machine required to do those tests for the in-house testing lab set up have been enlisted in the following table.

Sl. No.
Testing requirements
Machinery
1
Fiber content
Microscope, various chemicals used to identify fiber contents
2
Yarn Count
Pressley balance
3
Count Construction
Pick glass
4
Tear strength
Elmendorf Tearing Tester
5
Tensile strength testing
Tensile Tester
6
GSM testing of the fabric
GSM cutter
7
Weighing of material
Weighing m/c (up to 0.005),  Dhona Balance
8
Rubbing fastness (dry and wet)
Crock meter
9
Shrinkage testing, shrinkage in tumble dry
Washing M/c, tumble dryer
10
Color bleeding tester (Multi fiber testing)
Washing M/c
11
Color fastness to washing
Loundro meter
13
PH Testing
PH meter
 15
Ageing test of physical properties
Hot air oven  
16
Color matching
Color matching Cabinet
17
Pilling test
Pilling tester (ICI pilling box)



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