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Showing posts from July, 2011

Machineries used for Garment Sewing in Mass Production

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Most of the clothes we wear are sewn by sewing machines. There are several types of sewing machines used to make our clothes. When garment making was industrialized, scientists developed industrial power-driven sewing machines to meet the needs of mass production. Semi-automatic and fully automatic machines were developed in different stages. Machines are classified depending on seam types, a number of needles used, stitch classes, table bed etc. In the following list, most of the machine those are used in garment making.

Work aids and equipments for garment manufacturing industry

To facilitate worker in doing their jobs most efficiently number of readymade and customized work aids and equipment are being used in the garment industry. Especially work aids are designed for material handling, folding etc. In the following some of the basic work aids are listed those are used in shirt making factory in Raw material warehouse, cutting department,sewing floor and finishing department.

Garment and Textile Printing

Garment Manufacturing Technology: Subject Areas

Are you interested to learn garment manufacturing technology and want to build your career in the garment industry?

If you are looking for topics that you need to learn for this course, or thinking what are topics that are taught in the fashion institutes for this course, read this list of topics. 
One of the best fashion schools in the world covers these subjects in Garment Manufacturing Technology course.

Subjects in Garment manufacturing technology
Overview of the Global Fashion IndustryApparel Production Technology Pattern Engineering Fabric Study: Woven & KnitsApparel Studies & Appreciation Garment Manufacturing ProcessesProductivity & Work Study (Method study, time study, industrial engineering)Apparel Quality ManagementOrganisational Behavior Advanced Pattern Making & ConstructionIntellectual Property RightsWeb-based PDMCAD Industrial DesignPlant Layout & Facility DesignComputer Integrated ManufacturingThe real-time production manufacturing systemApparel Tec…

Fashion Management Study Subjects

The national and international Fashion and Design Institutes teach the following subjects to their fashion management students.

- Principles of Fashion Marketing, Merchandising, Management & Retailing
- Basic Product & Manufacturing related Knowledge
- Economic Analysis
- Information Technology
- Marketing Research
- Consumer Behaviour & CRM
- Statistics and Statistical Software Applications
- Global Textiles & Apparel Product Market Characteristics
- Retail Merchandising & Advanced Export Merchandising
- Operations Research
- Management Accounting
- Intellectual Property Rights
- Information System
- Marketing Strategies & Brand Management
- International Marketing
- Fashion Forecasting & Product Development
- Financial Management & International Finance
- Human Resource Management
- SCM & E-Business
- Visual Merchandising
- Fashion Buying & Sourcing
- Fashion & Lifestyle Products Appreciation
- Sales and Distribution Mgmt.
- Entreprene…

Men's Size Chart: Comparative Measurement of Branded Formal Shirts

When we purchase a branded shirt we look for fit first. I have experienced many time that FIT of the same sized shirt of different brands are different. Then a simple question comes in my mind why it happens?

As per my knowledge every brand uses standard 'size chart' for Indian customer. Then how their fit varies?

To understand the reason I did a survey some of our most popular brand in India in 2006. The analysis of the survey has been shown in the following tables. For the study three size of formal full sleeve shirts have been covered. Measurement was taken of the ready made shirt displayed in showroom.

Measurement Chart (Specification sheet) for Men's Jeans

Measurement chart for Jeans
The measurement shown below is for regular fit, straight leg jeans of a domestic brand (India). All measurements are after wash. Measurements are in inches.

Different Types of Textile Printing Processes

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Whatever clothes we wear is full of attractive with prints. The printing is done is fabric form or in garments. When a fabric comes out from mills, power loom or others means it is generally grey in color. To make fabric and cloths attractive and valuable dyeing and printing are done on the fabric surface. But how the printing is done on cloths?

Different typed of printing processes, advantages and disadvantages of each printing methods has been explained here



1. Automatic Flat Screen Printing:
In this method, the fabric is laid on a flat table. A flat-screen with the perforated pattern is used for printing. A number of the screen depends on no. of colors of the printed design. First the flat screen is placed on fabric from top and printing paste squeezed on screen by rod or scrapper from one side another.     a. Advantages:
          i. Larger repeats
          ii. Multiple strokes for pile fabric
    b. Disadvantages
          i. Slow
          ii. Non-continuous pattern
2. Rotary Scr…

Cutting Machineries and Equipment for Garment Manufacturing

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In the majority of cutting rooms today, the cutting process makes use of hand shears, a mechanized knife blade in one of the several possible types, or a die press which stamps out the garment shape. Some of the methods currently in use are described below. Hand Shears Hand shears are normally used when cutting only single or double plies. The lower blade of the shears passes under the plies, and some distortion of the fabric might occur which can be avoided with practice. Both left handed and right handed shears are available for left or right-handed people. The major disadvantage of the method lies in the time it consumes and the consequent high labour cost per garment, but it is appropriate for made to measure garments.
Straight Knife A straight knife is used where the quantities for cutting do not justify the purchase of a computer-controlled cutter. The elements of a straight knife consist of a base plate, usually on rollers for ease of movement, an upright or a standard carrying …

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